45 THE HIERATIC PAPYRI OF KAHUN.
 
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Tut-ankh-amen ; pieces of blue glass, colour of end of XVIIIth dynasty; alabaster earring and ear stud; comb; bit of green glazed pottery with violet inlay, style of Khuenaten ; and a false-necked vase, XXIX, 7, of Mykenae type.

Find beneath the wall of a house built on the temple ruined by Khuenaten, and probably therefore about his age: alabaster cup and lid; small round-top tablet of sandstone ; carved chair leg; carnelian earring, style of XVIIIth dynasty; alabaster plug; blue painted pottery, XVIIIth dynasty; two pieces of. pottery of XXIIIth dynasty, with signs incised (XXIX, 23, 42), and two false-necked vases, like XXIX, 1, but broken.

Top of a Cypriote pilgrim bottle (XXIX, 18, but smaller) in a tomb of XIXth dynasty.

Top of a false-necked vase, like XXIX, 1, with beads glazed exactly like those found with a ring of Ramessu II, in a tomb.

False-necked vase, XXIX, 1, taken out by myself from the coffin of Res; one of a group of tombs which I date to the time of Seti by the objects found in them.

Besides these evidences at Gurob, the general evidence of the nature of the Egyptian pottery debars our dating the town or signs found later than the XIXth dynasty. The absolute chronology given by the rings and scarabs found has been detailed before, and can be seen in Pl. XXIV.

At Kahun the special finds are pottery with marks in the foundation deposits of Usertesen II (Pl. XIV): pottery with cylinders (Pl. XIV, 18 - 20) found in boxes buried with babies : marked pottery (XXVIII, 42, 95) found in a hole in the floor of a room: marked pottery (21) found with spoon and plain scarab of XIIth dynasty; marked pottery (39, 53, 132) found with. glazed ware of XIIth dynasty; and a lot of objects found with papyrus of the Middle Kingdom, a sotep handle (IX, 15), grain scoop (11), hoe blade (3), hoe handle, rake (14), axe (?) handle, fire stick (6), two pieces of sickles like (22), shoes, leather ball, a pottery spout from a jar, and a pilgrim bottle (XIII, 61) of smooth, drab-faced ware, full of some dark brown fatty matter: all these were about halfway down in the filling of the chamber, and beneath them in the floor was a jar sunk up to its brim, with the mark XXVIII, 141, incised upon it

CHAPTER VI.

THE HIERATIC PAPYRI OF KAHUN.

By F. LL. GRIFFITH.

87. Fragments of a large number of papyri have been brought home by Mr. Petrie, from the XIIth dynasty town of Kahun; and some are sufficiently complete to be intelligible without much study. The hieratic of the Middle Kingdom admitted the use of vertical columns as freely as of the horizontal lines which alone were used in later times. The most complete and satisfactory series is that which was first found, consisting of six sheets all in fair preservation, and all apparently relating to the same persons.

First in importance is a large sheet with hardly a sign missing. (ENDORSEMENT.) "Settlement made by the sub-priest Uah." (RECITAL OF WILL) "Copy of the will* made by the Sahu, the peh ab of the architect, Ankh-ren, | year 44, Payni, day 19 (probably of Amenemhat III, by the length of reign) | Will made by the Sahu, the peh ab of the architect, Shepset Ahisenb, called Ankh-ren of the northern quarter ? | All my property in the garden and in the town ? (shall belong) to my brother the sub-priest of Sepdu, lord of the east, Shepset Ahi-senb, called Uah. | I commend all my friends (?) (lit all my friends (?) belong) to this my brother. A copy of this was deposited as a document in the hall of the second reporter of the king in the year 44, Payni, day 19." (SETTLEMENT, subsequent to the death of the above testator probably). "Year 2, Paophi, day 12. | Settlement made by the sub-priest of Sepdu, lord of the east, Uah. I make a settlement to my wife, | a woman of the eastern aide (of the Nile ?), Sit-sepdu-sheftuf, called Teta, of all property which my brother | the Sahu, the peh ab of the architect Ankh-ren gave to me, each thing according to its place (i.e, wherever it is to be found ?) from among what he gave to me. She may give it | to any whom she pleases of her children whom she shall (?) bear to me. (Also) I give to her the servants (Amu), three persons | which my brother the Sahu, the peh ab of the architect, Sekhemren, gave to me. She may give it (sic) to any of her


* One word is here rendered "will" or "settlement," or "transfer," according to the sense, in order to make the arrangement plainer. Possibly the later document is also in the nature of a will.

 


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