41 THE FOREIGNERS.
 
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edge. Another figure of a foreigner was found at Gurob (XVIII, 38), carved in wood ; it represents a harper, whose hair is dressed in the pigtail, which is a well-known characteristic of the Hittites, and is not found with any other race represented on the Egyptian monuments. This must therefore be a carving of a Hittite harper, and such an instrument is not unknown in Hittite sculpture. A third work which betrays the foreign hand is the bronze mirror with figure handle (XVIII, 4). The mechanical part of the design, a figure handle, the form of the mirror, and the lotus at the socket, are all Egyptian ; but the idea of the female holding the dove in the hand comes altogether from abroad - no figure holding a bird is known in pure Egyptian design - it is the characteristic of the Phoenician Venus ; and when we look at the details, the lankness of the limbs, the features, and the style of the hair, we again see the tokens of a foreign hand. To assign the manufacture of this to a Phoenician or Cypriote workman living in Egypt, solves all the peculiarities of it; and we may add it to the foreign elements of Gurob. The actual remains of the bodies found in the tombs show that the race came from abroad ; in tomb 23 was a body with a copious black wig, and beneath that a scalp of yellow or light brown hair; the juxtaposkion of these proving the unaltered condition of each: in tomb 24, again, yellow hair remained on the skull, and in tomb 25 was a young man with dark hair, but a light skin.

81. We now turn to a very different evidence, that of weights. At Gurob fourteen weights were found ; and of these only half are on the Egyptian standard - the kat - in place of the great majority of the kat weights found in the weights of Memphis. On looking at the material of these weights we see that two of the seven are of alabaster, a material never used for purely Egyptian weights, which are almost all of basalt, granite, or hard stones. On looking to the forms we find that not one of the fourteen is purely Egyptian of the most typical form, widening to the top with a dome head. Only one of all the weights is properly Egyptian, and two of rounded cubic form are passable as Egyptian in origin ; the other eleven are entirely marked off as foreign by the standards, the forms, and the materials. I here publish them on the same plan as previous weights, the numbering being consecutive in the series of publication, and the types of forms referring to those plates of types in "Naukratis," "Defenneh," &c.

EGYPTIAN KAT (6).
No.MaterialFormPresentCh.OriginalxUnit
4899Syenite, gy117-1741412.0  10141.2
4900Basalt, br 38-43 1416.6  10141.7
4901Alabaster 79-110 284.6   2142.3
4902Syenite, gy2-10 3592.8  25143.7
4903Syenite, gy54 5748   40143.7
4904Basalt, br 48-49 1472.3  10147.2
ASSYRIAN SHEKEL (4)
4905Haematite, bk49 363.9   3121.3
4906Haematite, bk52-82 62.7   ½125.4
4907Lead 63 2523.230253020126.5
4908Haematite, bk49 127.3   1127.3
ATTIC DRACHMA (3)
4909Syenite, gy 54 2652.8 26264065.6
4910Alabaster 16 3305.8  5060.1
4911Lead 52-108 415.612408668.0
AEGINETAN STATER (1)
4912Lead 108 179.0 161921192.0

No. 4.905 has three lines on the top, showing three shekels. No. 4911 has three lines on the top showing a unit of the double drachma or stater. Of course the names Attic and Aeginetan are only retained for convenience, the standards being older than Athens or Aegina. Besides these, four more kat weights have been found since I left Gurob, all of them of the un-Egyptian material, haematite.

 


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