39 MEDINET GUROB.
 
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inscription as I found on the base of the statuette (XXII, 8). This statuette is a foot high, of a female figure in the Ramesside ribbed drapery, holding a lotus flower, a large wig on the head, and the eyes formed of glass inlaid. The work is exquisite, the limbs and form being indicated by broad curves underlying the narrow ribbing of the drapery. It represents Ras, the daughter of Amenemapt I discovered this figure lying on the breast of the mummy, embedded in the sand filling; the base on the stomach, and the statuette up the right side. It is now at Bulak. Behind the head in the coffin was a head-rest broken in two. The coffin was inlaid with eyes of cut alabaster and black stone, in blue glass edging. On the fore finger of the left hand was a bronze ring (XXIII, 76), laid over the pubes.

Tomb 23. Opposite side of shaft to 22. Head east. Two red jars (XXI, 49), stood on the south side of the coffin head. By the side of the head in the coffin, bedded in the sand filling, was a false-necked vase of the Mykena type (XXVIII, 1), lying on its side. Beneath the head were two reeds with kohl and a kohl stick. On the left fore finger was a bronze ring (XXIII, 77). At the feet a wooden ushabti, quite rotted. On the head of the mummy was a copious wig of black hair, reaching down to the waist ; but beneath this on the scalp was yellow or light brown hair. The causes often supposed to produce the light hair on mummies cannot be granted here : fashion could not have induced the dyeing of the hair hidden under a wig; the soil cannot have changed hair beneath a hair wig which is unaltered ; treatment of the mummy can scarcely have affected the hair, as the body was apparently not mummified, but only dried, and had gone to dust; and old age would have made it white or grey, and not brown. We must, then, conclude that the person was light-haired during life, and wore a wig of black, hiding the foreign token.

77. Tomb 24. Head of coffin to the east On the north-east of the head a white-faced jar (XXI, 45), and on the south-east a vase (44) and dish (XX, 8). On the first finger of the left hand was a ring (XXIII, 13),reading "Ra-ma-neb, meri-amen," and therefore of Amenhotep III. The hair of this body was likewise yellow.

Tomb 25. The grave lay north and south, the body cased in rushes ; a young man, with light skin but dark hair. Vase (XXI, 44) was placed beside the body.

On looking at this group of tombs, all near together, it seems evident that they must be dated to the close of the XVIIIth dynasty. They are clearly all of much the same period. The black coffins with yellow inscriptions, the bronze finger rings, the mode of burial, the pottery, and the close grouping of the graves, all these points show that no change of fashion had taken place between one burial and another. The positive signs of age are - (1.) The rings, one of which bears the name of Amenhotep III, while two similar rings found elsewhere are of Amenhotep III and of Khuenhaten (XXIII, 10, 15). (2.) The pottery, which is of the late XVIIIth or early XIXth dynasty. (3.) Wooden statuettes, the style of which is too fine to be likely to belong to any time after Ramessu II. (4.) The black limestone ushabtis, which are like those of the early XIXth dynasty. (5.) The position of the graves, which would probably not be placed there while houses occupied the ground; they cannot be later than the houses, as the sand filling of them was clean and not mixed with earth, and as the houses were probably of the time of Ramessu II, there is no period for the tombs subsequently. From all these data I should assign them to the reign of Seti I, with but small uncertainty : on the one hand, there is nothing distinctive of the late XVIIIth dynasty in the way of beads, &c. ; and Amenhotep III would be probably too early in view of the ribbed drapery, black ushabtis, and pottery; while Ramessu II would be too late a date for the rings and the position of the graves.

78. Of other series of objects may be noted also: -

Tomb 31. Two blue painted jars (XXI, 42, 43); white-faced small jug (XXI, 51); dish containing resin and charcoal, evidently burnt as incense (52), two pieces of the lid of a terra cotta coffin with ink-drawn figures; three pottery usbabti of Admes wrapped in cloth, of very rude work, and wooden kohl pot.

Tomb P. Vases, XX, 15, 21 ; XXI, 63.

Tomb N. Rude limestone stela, name illegible; half another stela ; two female figures in wood, with wigs curling round on the shoulders, hands at the sides, no drapery; one wooden female figure draped, left leg advanced (headless); one wooden figure of Bast, seated (all these damaged and somewhat decayed) ; a pair of sandals, upper sides dyed red; painted jars (XXI, 41, 54), and five plain jars and dish (XX, 5, 15 , XXI, 56, 64); pieces of a false-necked vase of Mykenae ware; two sticks. Two of

 


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