The so-called Phoenician glass is common in the XIXth dynasty; not only was a perfect vase of it found in a burial of this age at Kahun, but many pieces occur in the town of Gurob. The basis is generally blue, but also brown, green, and black, and the threads and streaks on it are generally white and yellow, but also blue and black. These vases were always made on a sand core, and with apparently a metal mandril in the neck.
Of glazed pottery bowls, &c., many fragments were found; they are always blue. One bowl is nearly completed from pieces found scattered in several rooms; the design is unique (XVIII, 35), boys climbing palm trees or knocking down the dates. A serpent's head in blue glaze, 2¼ long, 1¾ wide, intended for applying to a wooden figure, explains many pieces of such heads that I have seen.
74. A class of figures which was numerous at Naukratis is also found at Gurob, and must therefore be as old as the XIXth dynasty. These represent a woman lying on her back on a couch, frequently with a child beside her. There is never any drapery or ornament, except in some a girdle and a large wig. Palm branches are placed by the side of the figure. These figures are usually of limestone, at Naukratis, in the XXVIth dynasty; here, in the XIXth dynasty, one is of limestone (XVIII, 37), and others of pottery (XVIII, 32, 33) one example in pottery is so graceful and characteristic in features, and in the large disc earrings, that it cannot be of later date than Ramessu II ; the others are dated by the town and surroundings, but not particularly by their style.
The two stamps are one in pottery (XVIII, 34), and one in wood (36). No. 34 appears to be of Bast, and 36 might be read as two cartouches, Sem-en-ptah and Ra-neb-ka, but this is hardly likely.
Of materials found in the town may be noted copper ore and copper slag in a crucible, showing that smelting was done in the town ; haematite, fine, fibrous, satiny, brown, and also red amorphous, for colour; green felspar and quartz; orpiment; graphite, a large block of the best quality, from a matrix of brown fibrous quartz mixed with white glassy lumps ; white steatite; pumice; white coral ; pitch; ivory; and ibex horn.
75. It now only remains to catalogue the various special lots of objects found together, as all notice of the foreigners and their alphabet is reserved to a separate chapter on that subject.
In the ridge of ground close to the cultivated land, beneath the later town of the time of Ramessu II, were several tombs. These were cut through the gravelly top bed down to a layer of sand about 8 to 10 feet under the surface, in which a rough space was scooped out. These tombs areas follow : -
Tomb 20. Wooden figure of swimming girl holding a duck, wings separate and fastened on, turning on wooden pins: good work. (Bulak). Wooden figure of priestess standing, holding sistrum, drapery smooth, large wig; white painted inscription partly defaced (XXII, 7), the name ending in -amens (Bulak). Ushabti of Sadi-amia (XXIV, 1). Another in grey limestone, uninscribed. An ushabti of limestone, spaced with lines, but not yet inscribed. Alabaster jug and saucer (XVIII, 5, 6). Bronze ring, Ptah-neb-ma (XXIII, 78). Reeds with kohl inside, and kohl sticks of wood. Crystal case, hollowed out of a block and polished (XXIV, 3), with figure of Bennu painted inside in black outline, and inscription "Bennu son of Ra." This probably belonged to a pectoral, and the lazuli plaque (XXIV, 4) fitted at the back of it Necklace of large glass bugle and ball beads, red, dark blue, and light blue. Of pottery there were five jars painted red and blue (XXI, 41, 65), four red jars (XX, 15, smaller). The coffins were rotted away.
Tomb 21. On opposite side of same shaft as tomb 20. Tall box with sliding lid, with fine inscription down the lid and the front, for a scribe of the palace Sunuro (XXIV, 1), kept at, the Bulak Museum. Five ushabti of wood, painted black, yellow inscription, varnished, for a governor of the pa-khent in the Fayum, Nefermennu. Coffin of Nefermennu, black with yellow inscription, the name filled in later on a blank space left for it ; too much broken to remove. A black and yellow ushabti for a nebt per Ta-kema-ti. A pectoral plate of wood, gilded and inlaid with cut stone, with jackal, &c. Coffin of Anen-tursha (Pl. XIX), yellow on black, made expressly for him. Four blue striped vases (41, 46, two of 48), eight red jars (15 small), dish (5), white faced cup (61).
76 Tomb 22, Shaft near that of 20-21. On east side of shaft. Coffin head cast A jar (XXI, 62) on each side of feet. Coffin with pale yellow inscription : so much rotted that the inscription could only be found sign by sign ; each part so soon as unsupported by the sand filling dropped to dust This rotting is mainly due to white ants having eaten away nearly all the wood. I traced the title " of the temple of Amen, Amenemapt," proving that it was the same
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