20 TOMBS OF HAWARA.
 
Home
Title page
Contents
Search

 

gilt in rotation, with ball beads of silver-gilt to join the threads; also square plaque beads of lazuli and beryl. The silver had of course all perished in the salt water. Over the breast of the mummy lay a Ba bird, with a human face and outspread wings: this was of solid gold, exquisitely chased, and the wings inlaid with 130 pieces of cut and polished lazuli, beryl, &c, to imitate feathers. On cutting away the outer wrappings of bituminous cloth the series of amulets were found. The arms were crossed, and the hands on the opposite shoulders. On all the fingers and toes were gold plates ; on the wrists were gold bands; and a gold sheath between the legs. The left hand was clenched, with the thumb up; on 2nd finger a bezil, P, on the 3rd finger a gold ring with Horuta's name, between the 2nd and 3rd a bezil, F. (These bezils are very flat pyramids, with a loop on the top.) In left hand a seed; eye, H; ring, L.; bezil, L. On right hand, ring, F, between 2nd and 3rd fingers ; ring, L, between 3rd and 4th. Around left upper arm beads G, C; around right upper arm, heart, C; frog, B; bezil, L; 2 eyes, H. On head, 2 eyes C, P ; and sceptre, B. On top of chest, counting from the spectator's left to right, sceptre, Hathor standing with cow head, snake head and part body, hollow model vase, vulture standing, Ba bird with human head, another vase, girdle tie, tat, all of solid gold, except the vases. Below that, vulture flying, hollow bulla, Ba bird flying, all gold, exquisitely wrought. Below that, hearts C, J ; model collar piece of gold inlaid with stripes of cut stones, pendant form ; hearts B, G, A, sceptre, B, lying on the collar. Below that, another model collar, gold, with stripes of cut stones and gold, aegis form with line of gold grains. At the side of this a hawk of gold inlaid with cut stones. In all sixteen gold amulets, mostly solid; four inlaid with minute stone work, and all of the finest and most exquisite finish. Below these came five great lines of amulets curving round as pendant necklaces on the body, all of the finest engraving and work. The top line had a small roll of papyrus, rotted, at the beginning, then 4 tats, Tahuti, Horus, sceptre, Isis, Horus, Nebhat, Neit, Selk, Tahuti, 5 tats, all in lazuli, with the details of the features and dress of the figures beautifully elaborated. The next row was of beads, 4 syenite, 7 L, 2 long C, a silver bird outspread, much decayed, and 8 rough-haematite beads. The middle row, heart, C; 4 sceptres, C, C, H, F ; 2 snakes, C; sceptre, B ; 3 ties, J, J, L ; Ra seated, B; Ma seated, L, Shu, P ; hawk, L; 4 tats, C ; pointed double-feather, and pointed with drooping ends, N; plaque, B; rounded double feather, O; 2 hearts, J, C. frog. B. Next row, 5 eyes B,B,B,B, O; 6 scarabs, black syenite, H, P, L, L, L; hawk-head scarab, L; vulture, L; heart, B; 14 scarabs, L, basalt, syenite, P, L, F, L, F, H, P, L, L, syenite. Y ; 7 eyes, O, O, O, O, L, H, B. Bottom row, 11 eyes, B, C, Y, P, P, D small, C, H, J, J, H. Thus the whole series on the body of Horuta was 18 gold amulets, gold fingers and toe plates, and sheath, about 30 beads, and 109 amulets nearly all in hard stone of large size and the finest workmanship. This set is far finer for both quality and numbers than any that I have seen in museums, and having the exact positions recorded, its value is much enhanced. It was taken altogether for the Egyptian Museum, in which it will form an important feature, I only wish that every official there could have taken his share of the days of subaqueous work which it cost me to obtain it.

The other sets of amulets found on bodies in this tomb are less important in numbers, and far inferior in quality. Each set was extracted with the order recorded, as far as possible; and they have been mounted now in their original sequences. It is hardly desirable to detail these; but perhaps some day a work on the positions of amulets may be written, in which all such information may properly find a place.

31. During the work at Hawara many small objects of later times were found. A vulture's head finely carved in wood, with glass eyes inlaid, formed of a strip of patterned glass, cut in sections. Some more gilt stucco busts from mummies of the 1st century A.D. ; one bearing a lighted candle, another with modelled earrings inlaid with onyxes and imitation pearls: the jewellery and necklaces represented on these busts is a very interesting feature as dating our collections of unclassified jewellery. Three portraits in good condition were found ; one remains at Bulak; and two others, a girl and a young man, came to England. Another glass lens found is too conical for magnifying, but a good bullseye. Some glass flasks with the original rush covering are of Roman age. A pair of iron keys, with barrel and ward-slits, a cross-head handle and ring at the end, were found in a box of mud; one remains at Bulak. A very curious pair of socks was found, with the great toe separated from the others as usual, but entirely made of felt in one piece, without any seams, ridges, or lumps; how such felting could be done in complex forms is beyond our present workmanship to determine.

 


home - previous page - next page