17 TOMBS Of HAWARA.
 
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panel-work, or false door ornament, around the bases. The length is 106.0 out, 88.7 in ; the width 48.4. out, foot in; the height 55.5 out, 41.8 in. The projecting foot stands out 9 inches and is 15.3 high, and the buttresses on it are 10 inches wide, or 6 at the corners; the ornament is applied on the projecting surfaces, like the panelling on the buttress work of the early brick mastabas and walls. The lid is of the same length and breadth as the body; it is 14.1 deep, with squared up ends, but cut into a curved top between these; the side up to the start of the curve is 6.8 high and the flat space on either side of the curved top is 5.8 wide. The position of the sarcophagus is exactly in the axis of the chamber, being 22.9 to 23.0 to either wall ; and it is as near the south end (50.3 inches) as the small coffers there will allow.

But an additional burial has been provided for here by building a second sarcophagus between the great one and the east wall. This was effected by filling up the floor, level with the foot, adding end pieces, which have ten inches length of the new bottom cut all in one with them ; and then supplying a lid, which was let into the side wall a small amount There can be no doubt that this was for the interment of the princess Ptahneferu, whose altar and ducks were found in the well chamber, and who must have died before her father. Neither of the lids has any ledge, hollow, pins, or other means of fastening; they are simply flat beneath, and were laid in position ; from which they have been pushed on one side askew, the north ends westward, the south ends hardly shifted. I carefully cleared out all the chips and stuff from the sarcophagi, by groping under the water. I found some bits of bones, and much charcoal, showing the coffins had been burnt inside; also grains of burnt diorite and granite, which were probably parts of inlaying of hard stones in the sarcophagi, as we found a beard of lapis lazuli for inlaying, among the rubbish in the chamber. The panel work around the sarcophagi I could only examine and measure by feeling, as merely the upper part of it was within arm's reach under the water.

At the south end of the sepulchre stood two coffers, with a slightly projecting foot around them, and lids like those of the sarcophagi. One of these coffers had been broken up, and we took out all the fragments that we could move, and buried them in case they were wanted. M. Grebaut promised to have them fetched, and used to build a pedestal for the alabaster altar in the museum, as I urged him to do. The remaining coffer is 35.4 square, 33.3 high outside, 23.3 inside, and has a foot 10.3 high; its lid is 7.8 thick. These coffers probably contained the funeral vases, of which the fragments were found among the rubbish in the chamber. All the pieces were closely searched for, but yet none of the vases could be completed, and of some only one or two fragments remain. Every piece from the pyramid was compared with the others, to make as complete a record of the contents as pos- sible. All the pieces of each object were then wrapped together, and the whole of the parcels thus sorted were delivered at Bulak with the altar, in hopes that they may be restored and placed with it as a series. The following are the objects thus noted : -

Altar of Ptahneferu, 26½ x 17 x 9 inches (see Pl. V).
Parts of 9 or 10 duck bowls of Ptahneferu, largest 19 x 8½ x 5 (see Pl. V), smallest 7 x 3½ x 2½ inches.
3 half lids.
2 large jars, inscribed, 1 for Ptahneferi (see Pl. V).
3 bases of smaller jars, 3½, 4,4 and 4½ inches across.
1 side of small jar with handle, 3 inches diameter.

All the above of alabaster.
1 lazuli beard for inlaying, 2.1 wide, bands on it .27 wide.
1 piece of lazuli inlaying .45 x 1.1.

The most remarkable point about the inscriptions is the innovation of all the birds being without legs. though the leg hieroglyphs i, an, and b, are not avoided. That the altar was so engraved not merely to save space or labour, is shown by the erasure of all the legs of the birds which had at first been engraved on the vase-inscriptions. Some mystical idea must, therefore, be attached to this remarkable change, a change which is quite unknown in later times.

CHAPTER II.

TOMBS Of HAWARA.

27. Last year the Roman cemetery was nearly exhausted, but the position of the early tombs was not then known. On returning to Hawara I began work on the buildings which I had partly explored before, marked as Crocodile Tomb Chapels on Pl.XXV of "Hawara." In mentioning these before I noticed the large hollows adjoining the chapels, usually on the north side. Some of these I had dug in to about twelve feet deep last season, without result. I now determined on clearing one, and the rock was

 


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