15 THE PYRAMID OF HAWARA.
 
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S.W. chamber. The under side of the trap-door is +87.5, the floor beyond it +97.3, and the chamber roof +171.4.

22. The S.W. chamber is the first turn in the direction of the passages. But a blind passage runs straight forward from it for 1010 inches; this has been all filled up with solid stone, in large blocks the whole height of the passage. A way has been most laboriously forced by breaking away the blocking stones, but all to no purpose. The blind passage is 52.4 wide and level throughout The S.W. chamber is 105.0 by 85.7, and 74.1 high. The S. passage begins 38.8 wide, and after 20.7 it enlarges by a recess to hold an opened door on the south side with pivot holes at the S.W., and a recess on the north to form a stop for the door when it was closed. Thus it is clear that the true passages were ostentatiously left only closed by a wooden door, while the false passage was entirely filled up solid with stone to occupy the time and attention of the spoilers. After the door recess, 42.6 long, the passage runs on for 33.5, being 38.5 wide, and 76.1 high, the roof level at +173.4. The slope then begins by the roof block being cut away for 38 length, the whole slope being 1044.0 long to where it slopes up again for 34.0 near the S.E. chamber. The horizontal length is 1041.0: level at upper end of roof +173.4 at lower end + 94.3; width 38.2, and height near middle 72.1,

23. The S.E. chamber has a short passage of 68.1 long and 31.0 wide leading into it. It is 88.5 wide, with 18.2 of that filled by masonry on the east side; 141.5 long, with 34.5 filled with masonry on the north side; the height 89.7, with roof at + 141.0 and floor +51.3. The trap-door, which has not been drawn from its recess to cover the upper passage mouth, is 62.5 by 30, by 136, weighing 11 tons. The east side of the small recess into which the end of it was intended to fit, in the east wall of the passage, has been much broken away by plunderers searching for other passages. They thus broke through into the bed of sand of the pyramid, and the rains having found thus an entrance by soaking through the pyramid, have brought in a great quantity of sand and mud, enough to nearly fill the south passage, quite fill the S.E. chamber, and half fill the east passage and N.E. chamber. The whole of the passages must have been filled with water some dozens of times, as all the surface of the stone is dissolved away to an astonishing extent. The small scraps of the old face which resisted the solution are usually an inch beyond the roughened and pitted face of the water-eaten stone. No trace of sculpture has been seen on any of the portions of the original surface. The east passage runs 16.1 at + 203.2 level of roof, then 79.0 at + 219.2, and then slopes for a length of 450.2 (or 443.9 horizontal) down to + 143.2. The floor at the upper end is +142.4 or 1.4 above the roof of the S.E. chamber. The passage is 71.4 high and 37.6 - 38.4 wide. In all cases the measures are taken to remains of the original face, carefully avoiding the dissolved parts. A short passage of 64.0 and 62.5 high leads to the N.E. chamber. This is 166 long, with 22 filled by masonry at the west end, 90 wide with 19 of masonry on the north, and 86 high. The floor is at +71.7, the roof +158.0 to 156.5, and the roof of the trap-door recess + 219.5. The third trap-door is 44 by 61 by 138 inches, weighing 18 tons. It covers 10 inches beyond the west end of the chamber. Thence a passage runs for 17.4 at +219.5 level of roof, then for 319.0 at +229.7 level. The width is 35.3, height 72.5; but at 28.5 before the well chamber, the south wall comes 3.1 forward.

24. The well chamber is so called from the two false wells, which were the only visible features in it originally, made on purpose to deceive plunderers, and to lead them to attack the solid masonry along the side of the real sepulchre. To further mislead the intruder all the north half of the chamber was filled up with solid masonry, which has been mostly dragged out now, and the remaining mass tunnelled through. The chamber is 309.2 long, 89.6 wide, 91.3 high; the floor being + 155.7 and roof + 247.0 level. The wells will be seen in plan and section on Pl. IV. Across the floor of the well chamber a trench existed, though filled with masonry and so concealed; and this led to a short passage in the south wall, which was thus entirely below the level of the chamber floor. This passage mouth is at 120½ to 146½ from the east end of the well chamber; and is 71.5 long and 36.1 wide. In the well chamber were found the alabaster table of offerings for Ptah-neferu the daughter of Amenemhat III, and the fragments of eight or nine large bowls of alabaster, shaped in the form of half a trussed duck, and mostly inscribed with the name of the same princess. But no trace of Amenemhat was found up here. At the end of the trench in the floor, but above the floor level, was a rough recess in the solid masonry, closed by a slab which was a part of the adjacent stones ; it must therefore have been closed in course of building, and it was further covered by the masonry which filled this side of the chamber. The

 


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