56 THE STONE IMPLEMENTS OF KAHUN.
 
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drilled, evidently after the implement had received its form. The smaller end of the holes is a little over ½ inch in width, the larger a little over ¾ inch. Shallow grooves are ground across the back connecting the two ends of the holes. It consists of white crystalline nummulitic limestone, and is very hard. It weighs a little under one pound avoirdupois, but must have weighed a little over before it was dismounted, bruised and knocked about in the XIIth dynasty period. The handle must have fitted the back groove well, and been but a quarter of an inch or very little more in diameter at that part. It was fastened on by thongs passed through the holes. A handle to be strong enough with this weight could scarcely have been of wood, but must have been of some tough elastic material to make this weapon serviceable, perhaps it was of rhinoceros horn, or cut from the hide of rhinoceros or hippopotamus. I have not been able to discover the precise form of this club or weapon in any ancient scenes, though one like it apparently of bronze usually with a carved handle and looking as if it had a cutting edge is common. It appears likely to have been a weapon of extremely early date, or one captured from a foreign race, perhaps Ethiopian.

There was also found in the older part of Kahun a white polished limestone mace head of the usual form of mace heads on monuments. The hole through the middle of it was too small to have admitted a wooden stick strong enough to have wielded it by, but as in the case of the club before mentioned it may have been handled with horn or hide.


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