23 THE TOMB OF MAKET
 
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of about this period. They probably belonged to the preceding interments, and were shuffled off the coffins when fresh coffins were placed upon the lower ones. The scarabs, &c, in this heap are in PL. XXVI, 12 to 23. A small wooden box contained 12, 13, 14, a green glass plain cowroid set in gold, and some of the smallest beads (15) that I have yet seen; as many as 93 go to a grain weight. Of green paste there are the lions' heads, (18), for forming the ends of a collar; a large number of flat beads, (17), of green and of blue paste, some of which were stuck together in rows, as here drawn. A large number of green ribbed beads, (16), were found, some loose, some in a jar. There were alabaster vases (XXVII 4, 5) ; brown serpentine vases, (6, 7, 13); a green paste vase, (1), three Cypriote pilgrim bottles, (32, 41); two long smooth red vases, (18) ; brown Phoenician vase, (17); smooth black Phoenician vases (14, 15, 16, 20); and various small vases, (such as 25 to 38, and XXVI, 45). Also a bronze knife, (XXVI, 43) ; two whetstones; and two lumps of pumice. All these things were mingled together pell-mell, mixed with rotten and broken basket-work which had held the smaller things and rotted clothes. It was impracticable to secure everything by hand from such confusion; and the smaller objects (XXVI, 19 to 23), with a plain blue scarab, were found afterwards by sifting the dust. The dark green jasper prism, (19), is of very fine work. In the S.E. corner of the room was also some pottery lying about, but mostly large, (such as XXVII, 40 to 51).

Coffin 8 contained at the north end a small basket with lid inverted, holding a wooden kohl stick, a plaque (XXVI, 24), and scarabs (25, 26). At the south end a basket with fruit, and a broken Phoenician vase, (XXVII 16 type). In the coffin was the Phoenician vase 21.

Coffin 9 had a solid wooden headrest on the top of the coffin. Six bodies were in it, and a small basket with beads (XXVI 30), and a cowroid (33); and the Aegean vase (XXVI, 44) at the south end. At the north end a larger basket with wooden kohl pot (type XXVII, 11), wooden kohl stick ; stone kohl pot same type; two dum nuts ; and scarabs (27). The scarabs 28, 29, 31, 32 are also from this coffin.

Coffin 10 was figure shaped, and contained one body with a scarab (XXVI, 34).

Coffin 11, in the doorway, was of the pattern of that of Anentursha ("Kahun" XIX) with the four genii and addresses on the sides ; but it was coarsely done and the places for the names were left blank on both lid and sides ; all yellow on black ground. There was nothing in it but bodies.

Coffin 12 also contained nothing beside the bodies. In the outer chamber was a good deal of coarse pottery lying about, much of it broken. In the later sifting and searching of the dust, which was all brought up and examined in sunshine, some more beads and scarabs were found, (XXVI, 35 to 42), the places of which are not known. Also the bronze fishing lance (47), and the cubit, (XXVII, 44) which, is the short Egyptian cubit of 17.3 inches, corresponding to 6 true palms, and not to 6 sevenths of the regular cubit of 20.7.

45. We now see how a tomb was continuously used, and how the offerings left for one interment were not taken away, but were pushed on one side to make room for later coffins. The question of the age of this tomb is important, as the Greek and Phoenician pottery was found in it. The broad limits of age are (1) the scarabs which prove the earliest coffin to be after Tahutmes III. (2) The blue glass frog, which is probably of Amenhotep III or IV. (3) The green and black glazed beads, particularly the ribbed ones XXVI, 16, which were not made before Ramessu II, and the ribbing of which shews the first stage of the deep ribbing prevalent in the XXIInd dynasty (XXIX, 57). These belong to the time of coffins 4 to 7; and by the large quantity of them, appear to have been made at the time of those. (4) There is no pottery here like that of the XVIIIth and early XIXth dynasty; no trace of blue paint, no hard white faced ware, no elegant forms; but on the contrary the pottery here is mostly unknown in Gurob, that is, down to the time of Merenptah. These successive evidences bring down the age of the burials here to at least after the reign of Ramessu II, after 1200 B.C. for the earliest limit of possible age.

Now let us take the evidence for the later limit, which is necessarily negative, (1) There are no examples of the well known pottery of the XXVIth dynasty. (2) There are no figures of Bast and other deities which are so common in the adjacent tombs of Illahun in the XXIInd dynasty (PL. XXIX). (3) There are no examples of the light green glazes so characteristic of the XXIInd dyn. (4) There are no stone or shell beads so common in the XXIInd dynasty, nor any scarabs of that age. (5) The coffin 11 is of the style of that assigned to the beginning of the XIXth dynasty at Gurob; and is quite different in motive and colour to those of the XXIInd dynasty. Hence this tomb would be nearer to the XIXth than


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