22 THE TOMB OF MAKET
 
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remove but they sufficed to keep the beads together while I picked them out.

From the positions of the coffins we call trace with tolerable clearness in what order they had been placed here. As they contained in all about 40 or 50 bodies, and as this tomb probably belonged to one family, it must have been added to for a considerable time, perhaps a century. Hence the earlier burials may contain things of a different period to the later. The coffins therefore are here numbered and described in the order of their age, beginning with the oldest.

44. The first must almost necessarily be that at the back of the innermost chamber, and the lowest of the two there. This coffin l contained the scarabs XXVI, 1 to 5, and the pottery figure on a couch, XXVll. 12; the group of sample beads, 3, is part of a larger number. The general style of these is of the end of the XVIIIth dynasty, and the scarabs 2 and 4 are of the XVIIIth. No. 5 is evidently an old one of the XIIth rediscovered. The black and green beads at the ends of the string are however later, belonging to Ramessu II or after, so that the other things must have been old when buried. This is very probable as the XVIIIth dynasty pendants are rather an odd lot, and not like an original and complete necklace. The back of scarab 2 is formed as the vulture crouched down, and not as a scarabaeus. This coffin on the whole may be of the reign of Ramessu II.

The next is probably that placed in front of it; for though some objects lay on that coffin so that the upper one, 3, could not have been pushed over it, it is likely that they had been replaced there after putting 3 in position, as they were roughly set about. Coffin 2 contained nothing besides the bodies. On the lid of it was standing a basket which had contained a small alabaster jar, (XXVll, 3), which had fallen out and broken; also the very curious model of a stopped horn, (XXVI, 50) made of green paste; a flat dish (XXVll, 8), also of green paste; a quadruple kohl pot of wood too rotted to keep; and a large round bead of yellow glass.

Coffin 3 was placed on the top of No. 1. It contained nothing besides the bodies. In the N.W. and S.W. corners of this room, and along the S. side, there was Egyptian pottery lying about, of the general character of XXVII, 40, 42, 49. &c. The chair {XXVll, 45.) was lying turned up on its side in the S.W. corner with both of the front legs wholly removed, and not to be found in the tomb; it had evidently been " killed " before burying it. As it was not strong enough to move in one mass, I took it to pieces (about 40 parts) for transport. Every piece I afterwards soaked in melted wax to preserve it ; this of course darkened it, but prevented further decay.

Coming now to the main chamber, the order of the coffins must: have been either No. 4 or No. 5 first; then the other; then the figure coffin put in at the back; then 4 and 5 set to the sides and room made for 6, the coffin of Maket, which must have been last introduced as there is no room to turn a coffin from the door to the side. Then later 8 and 9; and probably 10 last of all as it lies on the most important coffin, - Maket's. No. 11 was then put in the passage as there was no room further in ; and lastly 12 was set upon it.

Coffin 4 was roughly painted with Isis and Nebhat at the head and foot of it. It contained & brown serpentine vase, (XXVII, 2); and in a basket the kohl pot of brown steatite (XXVI, 48,) with a figure at the side.

Coffin 5 contained five or six bodies, with them was a long walking stick ; a throw stick, (XXVII, 43) ; a folding head rest, (46), which probably had a band of linen to retain the two ends and to serve as a support for the head : a basket containing two pottery vases and an alabaster vase of the early form, (XIII, 1), but coarse and clumsy ; and the black limestone kohl pot on legs (XXVII, 10). On the second body were two hollow gold earrings, (XXVI. 11) ; unfortunately I did not see their exact position, whether on the ears or the hair, as they fell out of the crumbling wrappings as soon as the body was shifted.

Coffin 6 was a figure coffin, roughly cut to the out- line, and with a face carved on it, but not coloured. It contained nothing but one body. Behind it lay a small box with slips of ivory on it, rather rotted. And in front of it were two boxes, with double sloping lids, like a roof ridge ; these contained babies, but were much rotted, and could not be preserved.

Coffin 7 was the most important of all. It contained the body of Maket; with a gold scarab of hollow work (XXVI 1,9); a silver scarab set in a gold ring, (7) , and a silver ring, (8); all inscribed with name of "the lady of the house, Maket" ; also a scarab set in a ring, (10); and a pair of moulded paste earrings with rope edge, (6) ; a bronze mirror, (46), and kohl stick, (49); a large reed containing two small musical Reed pipes (XXVII, 22, 23, 24); a head rest inlaid with ivory studs; a Phoenician vase (XXVII, 19); and the foreign vase, (27), in a basket. There were several other bodies in this coffin also.

The heaps of objects in the S.W. corner must be


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