to that of the previous publication of weights in "Naukratis," "A Season in Egypt," &c.
The foreign character of the weights here is then well maintained by the larger number we have now got . Only 3/8 of all the weights are on the Egyptian standard; and of those nearly half are of the foreign materials, alabaster, lead, and haematite. Thus only a fifth of all the weights are regular Egyptian; and there is not a single example of the typical domed form. The Phoenician weight No.4973 might at first seem to be a low variety of the uten ; but it is marked O IIIIII, 6 units, proving it to belong to the Phoenician system. This is similar to two weights from Gebelen, which are of the same rectangular form, one of 1473.3 marked IIIIII, the other of 14700 marked "nnnnnn"; giving units of 245.5 and 245. grains, or the same Phoenician standard.
THE TOMB OF MAKET.43. This tomb is in the town of Kahun. Many of the houses of the XIIth dynasty there have rock cut cellars, which were closed by massive trap-doors of wood, recessed into a seat and hinging in the stone. One of these cellars became known to people of the XIXth dynasty, and they cleared it, and probably enlarged it, to form a family tomb (see plan in corner of PL. XIV). The first and last chamber is cut in the rock alone; the middle chamber is roofed and lined with blocks of fine white limestone. One of these roof blocks broke across, and fell on the coffins, somewhat crushing them; this entailed a very difficult matter, of shifting the block weighing many hundredweights off from the coffins, without any firm foothold to stand on so high up (as it lay on two coffins one on the other), and a risk of its falling over on one by the whole mass of half rotted coffins giving way with the weight in shifting it.
The tomb chambers contained in all twelve coffins, beside two boxes for babies. These coffins were mostly stacked two deep, and nearly filled the two inner chambers. When we first opened this tomb I was on the spot watching it; and the entrance to the middle chamber was so blocked by two coffins one on the other that it was impossible for any one to pass. I only allowed the principal lad of the party to come below; and then - half stripped - I set to work on the clearance. Nothing was moved in the whole place, except by my own hands, everything as moved was noted as to its position, and handed into the outer chamber to the lad, who was a trusty fellow, the same who worked Horuta's tomb. Thus there was no confusion, and I worked on steadily nearly all day, opening the coffins and recording all the things as they lay. The burials had evidently been successive, and things had been shifted to make way for the later comers. Each of the box coffins contained several bodies, some holding five or six, piled one on the other. The coffins were in tolerably firm condition; but the bodies and wrappings were all reduced to black powder which crushed up with a touch. The work was hardly cleaner than a chimney-sweep's. I was streaming with perspiration, and coated with black sooty dust of the mummies and cloth. Most of the small objects were found in oval baskets of the Nubian type, with woven patterns on the sides, and a ridge lid. These baskets were all too much rotted to
home - previous page - next page