19 MEDINET GUROB
 
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countries, it must be similarly proved by dated examples in those localities.

39. Turning now to the objects found without dates, the blue bowls are shewn in PL. XX. Nos. 1 and 2 were found together. No. 3 was found with some pottery, Egyptian, and Aegean of the globular form with red bands ; a blue glass bottle; two pottery models of trussed fowls, &c. The design is the best drawn of all these glazed objects ; the spring of the girl as she poles the boat along to market, with the calf in it, is well rendered, and the dainty turn of the face. The bowl is now brown and black, but was probably violet originally. Another bowl (6) also represents a girl poling the market boat, laden with a bird-cage, and a number of birds on the top ; this is of bright clear blue, with dark blue lines, rather faint The gazelle (5) is drawn with a dry, almost black, line, and great sharpness; the style looks to be the earliest of all those here. The group PL. XX, 7-15, was found together, and is of the end of the XVIIIth dynasty by the style. Two fine Aegean vases (7, 9) occur ; pottery (13, 14), alabaster (8, 15); a small flat glass bottle (11) of blue, green, yellow, and white, with three handles, and originally joined to another at the side : a conical glass bottle (12) with yellow veins on bright blue: a bronze conical vase (broken), and a pair of hinges of bronze, which interlock when closed, by a part of one fitting into the other half, so that the door could not be prised upward , this is just the principle of the blocks on the doors of modern safes. The pottery with this find was of the types "Kahun" XX, 15, 32 ; XXI, 59 ; and here PL. XIX, 2, 4, 6. 7.

Among miscellaneous objects (PL. XIX) there are of bronze, an adze (28); a spoon (29) said to be found at Gurob, and by its patination apparently of the time of the town, it is not broken, but flat ended ; a small knife (30), beside other large ones of the types "Kahun" XVII, 29,33,50 a knife with swivel back (33) bound round with thread ; two lance heads (31,32); a supposed razor (40), which it has been suggested is for skinning or flaying, to judge by the place of the edge (dotted around here) and the curve of the handle; also an outline of a goose in bronze (34) with two tags at the back twisted together, perhaps for a brand. A pair of alabaster vessels were found together (41, 42) one with a curiously rough design of dancing goats, which recalls the style of Greek island gems. Another alabaster vase is very clumsy (36). The name of Thii occurs on a knob for a box lid (38), inlaid in light blue on a dark blue ground. The little panel of wood (35) from a box has a lotus pattern, which strongly suggests an original for the so-called "palmetto" of Greek design. The part of a wooden wand (39) is inscribed with the name of "Hu (the god of taste) son of the kas of Urthekau," a rather enigmatical phrase; but as Urthekau was connected with magic, it is possible that these wands were for ceremonial use. The strange figure (43) is from Abusir, in the middle of the Delta; I bought it in Cairo. It is of light drab pottery, hard, and well baked; the lower part is identical with the Greek island figures of marble, and its line divisions are evidently copied from such a figure; but the head bears the Libyan lock of hair. It appears therefore to be a Libyo-Greek product, from the time of the invasions of Egypt by those races jointly, and therefore probably of the age of Gurob, or a little later.

On PL. XXII are three curious pieces (1, 2, 3) like those found in one class of Cypriote tombs. It has been proposed that they were used by being tied on to one edge of a garment by the middle hole, and then slipped through a small hole in the opposite edge, and drawn back like the swivel of a watch guard ; this seems the most likely explanation. The date of them may be put between 1200 and 1400 B.C, being found at Gurob. The rings of blue glazed pottery (4) or of alabaster (6) were sometimes inlaid with small bits of jasper. The charming head (5) is carved alike on both sides of a flat slip ; it probably was the handle of a tray. The rings (9, 10) are interesting as shewing that lead and tin were separated as metals thus early; the tin ring was found with glass beads which are probably not later than the end of the XVIIIth dynasty; it has been analyzed by Dr. Gladstone who reports it to be pure tin, without perceptible alloy. The group of jewellery (11,12,13,14) was found together: the little porcelain frog (13) dates it to about Amenhotep III; so the triple ring of electrum (11) set with haematite (?), the haematite (?) scarab in gold setting (14), and the gold eye with Ra on it (12) all probably belong to this age. Of bronze there is a small chisel (7), a pin (8), earring (15), fish-hook (16), weight (17), nail (18), and rivet with two washers (30). The draught men (19, 20) are of glazed pottery, as also the blue plaque of Isis (23). The slip of ivory carved with a vineyard on a wall (21) is probably part of a larger scene, cut down to a netting bone. The ivory slip (22) has been painted in the rosettes. The stud (26) is formed of limestone, faced over with a disc of ostrich egg, such was not uncommon at this period. The bead (27)


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