17 MEDINET GUROB
 
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inlaid in the violet glaze, in the fashion peculiar to this reign; and from the colour and manufacture, as well as part of the king's name, it would be impossible to assign it to the daughter of Ramessu II, or any later princess of the name. Of pottery there are several types of Egyptian make (1, 2, 5): and one both in form and duplication evidently influenced from Syria (4). There were five examples of the false-necked vases of Aegean ware (3) with iron glaze bands; all of them of this tall globular type. The blue glazed ware has often the pattern but faintly marked (7,8, 11,22); but sometimes it is very clear, and thin-lined, as in the pilgrim bottle with a winged Bes (9), and the tubular vases (13, 21). The tube (14) is quite plain. The ring (16) has an eye for the bezel. Of alabaster there were fragments of some dishes like (41) ; and the complete vase and saucer (6, 10); also ear-studs (17, 18). The two bronze tools (15, 19) are constantly found in these buried groups ; almost always the two, and never any duplicates. Dots are here put around the cutting edges. Whether they were used for feeding, for attending to the person, or possibly in the process of embalming, we cannot yet determine. In one case (XVIII, 3) they were tied together, with a needle, by thread bound round them. The gradual change in the form of the lower end of the knife (19) should be noted. Here it is only widened out. Later, under Ramessu II, it became spread into two flanges (XVIII, 3, 38). Lastly, under Seti II, the flanges recurve backward into hooks (XIX, 18). A whetstone (12) is found in each group. A mirror was found with this, as with most other groups; but as no distinction could be traced between the forms during the XVIII-XIX dynasties, they are not drawn here. All these mirrors were of the usual oblate outline, with a tang all in one, to fit into a wooden handle. The beads are all of carnelian or jasper, now burnt (23, 24); the original order is uncertain as the thread was burnt, but as the grasshoppers are pierced with two holes, a double threading is suggested. This set is now in the Ashmolean, at Oxford.

The next group is dated to Tut-ankh-amen by the delicate little blue pendants (20) found with it. The pottery is foreign; a pilgrim bottle, probably Cypriote (40), and several pieces of false-necked vases of Aegean pottery (28). The blue glazed ware (30, 43, 44) is painted with broader, coarser, lines than before. Three glass vessels were found, one flat bottle (35) with yellow veins on a purple ground; part of one conical bottle with yellow veins on a blue- black ground ; and part of a conical bottle (37) with yellow and white veins on a light green ground. The skill of this glass-making is surprising. The veins are completely imbedded, and the surface is as bright and smooth as if polished, entirely by semi-fusion, without confounding any of the finest filaments of colour. Ear"studs (34) and earrings of shell (32), and jasper (33) were here ', as well as several stone finger-rings, of white felspar (36, 39) carnelian and haematite (38). The alabaster dish (41) of a fish form was burnt to lime; there was also a bottle (42), and a small cup (31). The beads were in great numbers, of which all the types are shewn here ; the little figure pendants (25) in blue, the flat ribbed cone beads (26) of red glaze, and the amulet beads of blue glaze (27). This set is now in the glass department of the British Museum. The next group is of Ramessu II (PL. XVIII), dated by a kohl tube with his cartouches (6). From the similarity of the glass to that of Tutankhamen, it is probable that this belongs to the earlier part of the reign of Ramessu. The pottery is mostly open saucers (1, 9, 11), of which there were several. The blue glazed ware is coarser than before (3,4,5,6,8, 10, 12), and inferior in colour ; the imitation shell (12) is however of violet glaze, and looks as if it was an old heirloom from Amenhotep III. The sphinx bowl (PL. XX, 4) is very curious in its style, as female sphinxes are very rare, the more so with wings. The bowl (2) with the monkey is an interesting bit of caricature; the idea seems to be that the captives were so low that they had to dance to the monkeys of Egypt, instead of the monkey amusing the man. Several blue glazed rings were found, one with a bezel of Bes (14), the other with the cartouche of Ramessu II (20). The glass is of fine quality; the flat bottle and bowl (13, 18) are of almost transparent amethyst glass inlaid with yellow and white; the flat bottle (19) is of blue-black, with yellow veins; the two little bottles are of green inlaid with yellow, white, and black. There is also a heart of violet glass (26). The alabaster is of the types seen earlier (22, 23, 25). The beads are all of stone, jasper or carnelian, but clumsy in form.

The next group is also of Ramessu II, but probably of the end of his long reign, dated by his cartouche and that of queen Nefertari (31). The pottery is coarser and poorer; many of the cups (55) are found, and the coarse jars (57); the three-handled vase (51) appears for the first time, it recurs under Seti II with & shorter neck (XIX, 11), and still taller


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