|15||THE ANTIQUITIES OF KAHUN|
most of them appear as of the Attic drachm. Some attributions may be rather beyond the range of the standards here, but are vouched for by similar weights; 4911 cannot be separated from 4930 nor 4939 from 4947. 4954 has II on the top of it, shewing it to be 2 shekels. The one example of the 80-grain unit, 4956, was said to come from Kahun, and the form is like other Kahun weights, and unlike those of Gurob; but it is the only instance of this unit before the XVIIIth. dynasty. The preponderance of foreign standards is very marked; not a sixth are Egyptian, and even those are all of soft materials unlike Egyptian weights.
33. Lastly we will notice the groups of objects found at Kahun, but belonging to the sparse occupation of the place under Amenhotep III. Only some rooms in the western workmen's quarter appear to have been inhabited then; as only one object of the XVIIIth dynasty has been found elsewhere, except with some few burials in the east part of the town. Everything dated has been of Amenhotep III, except one scarab of Amenhotep II; but there is scarcely any pottery of the XVIIIth dynasty, and the place seems to have only been re-occupied very slightly at this period.
The group of tools on PL. XIII (21-31) was found in a house at the east end of the fourth street of the western quarter, marked 7 in the plan. It is dated by a papyrus of Amenhotep III, which was wrapped up in cloth, and placed in the pottery cone (XIII, 30). This cone was struck by the pick, and broken across, severing also the cloth and papyrus, which was moreover in a very brittle state. By careful handling I succeeded in getting it home and unrolling it, with only the loss of one or two small chips. The bronze tools are remarkable for being broken intentionally: the hatchet (22) is only half here ; the knives (24, 25) are both broken, and the handle of one bent over; the lance head (26) is broken, and several pieces of cut up bronze were found also. The only complete bronze is the chisel in a wooden handle (27). Of wood there were three hoe blades (21), a nen handle, a mallet (23), a bent piece, and a strip ribbed ornamentally on each side. A large stone ring-stand, for a jar, was not brought away. Two Egyptian pots were found of coarse brown ware, a pilgrim bottle of smooth polished drab (29), and a Phoenician vase (31) of dark brown with white strips. This last is very valuable as giving us a dated example. The little amulet (28) found with these, is, from its colour and work, doubtless of the same age.
Another such Phoenician vase was found with several large balls of thread and some hanks, wrapped up in cloth, accompanied by a scarab of Amenhotep III; so the age of this pottery is well confirmed.
A third find of this age was in the second north mansion. There one of the rooms of the Xllth dynasty had been refloored at a higher level, on the top of 4 or 5 feet of rubbish ; and the wooden tripod cup and scarab of Amenhotep III (VIII, 21, 23) were there found.
The fourth group of this age was in the third street of the western quarter. Here were found together a large lion-hunt scarab of Amenhotep III, of the usual inscription, and fine blue glaze; a lion in wood gilt (VIII, 20) which has been broken from a group in which it stood resting the fore-paws on some object, exactly in the attitude of the celebrated lions over the gate at Mykenae; a glass heart blue, yellow, and white, of the regular style of the middle XVIIIth dynasty; a fire stick with burnt end (VII, 24); a wooden drill head, reel, a piece of unknown use (wider than XIII, 9), and a sickle handle; also a pilgrim bottle of polished drab, and pieces, two flints, and an old alabaster kohl vase of XII dyn.
Three other deposits which are probably of this age were three small fine green scarabs found with a burial in the S.E. streets; a burial in the sixth north mansion with beads, Bes pendants, &c., of the mid XVIIIth dynasty; and a basket with beads and a bronze ring, "Ptah beloved of Ma," found in the 1st (northmost) line of houses in the western quarter. Another burial of the XVIIIth dynasty was described in "Kahun," page 44.
MEDINET GUROB.34. In the previous season only a part of this site had been touched ; but this season's work has nearly exhausted it. As I was fully occupied with Kahun, I handed Gurob over to Mr. Hughes-Hughes, who was out in Egypt with me. This work then was under his care; and beyond shewing him the ground, and making a plan of the remains after the work was over, I had no responsibility about it. While at work he found the long walls of the southern inner enclosure ; but unfortunately the walls of the northern - or temple-enclosure were not traced throughout
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