14 THE ANTIQUITIES OF KAHUN
 
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30. The scarabs and clay seals found do not call for any particular notice. They shew well the style of such things in the XIIth dynasty. In one case is an enigmatical name (VIII, 36), which is not yet known in the royal lists. The clay sewings (PLS. IX, X) belong almost entirely to the sealings of boxes, vases, and bags; they bear the mark of the vessel, and of the cord which bound it, on their under sides; some grains of resin found with them make it likely that some of the packages contained resin. Nearly all of these sealings were picked up in two or three rooms of the town, by the small boys of the village who used to hunt over the dust and earth, after the workmen had cleared a room; they sometimes thus found little things which were not noticed in the larger work of digging. A most curious article among the small objects (PL Vlll, 17) is a counting stick. It is not intended for doing operations on like an abacus, but apparently for teaching children. It is made from an old piece of furniture ; the holes on the left hand being for fastening pegs. It begins with nefer, and then dots for 1 to 9; then 10, and dots for 11 to 19; then 20, 25, and 30 to 90; and lastly the sign for 100.

31. Another measure was found at Kahun this year, of the same standard of the double foot of Asia Minor, divided into 7 palms after the fashion of the Egyptian cubit. It is worn away in pointed form at both ends. The divisions are, butt end 0,2.96, 6.66, 10.53, 12.41, 14.30, 18.22, 22.12, 25.67 inches butt. The palms therefore, excluding the shortened ends, are 3.70, 3.87, 3.77, 3.92, 3.90 inches ; the mean is 3.84, and therefore 7 would be 26.88 inches. The measure found last year which was divided in exactly the same way is 26.43 long, but it is more roughly divided than the present example. The various examples of the Asiatic foot would give a double varying between 26.2 and 26.9; and it is of importance to find it with the foreign inhabitants of Kahun, to the exclusion of the regular Egyptian cubit. As being the origin of all our English land measures, the early history of it is particularly interesting.

32. The weights of Kahun are here all stated together, including those of last year (numbered from 4913 to 4920).

Egyptian Kat (7)
No.MaterialForm         Present     Ch.         Ancient     X         Unit
4921Limestone15276.2....2138.1
4922Limestone652878.1....20143.9
4923Limestone791439.4..144810144.8
4913Sandstone, br.4417675....120147.4
4914Alabaster63-1662951.3....20147.6
4915Alabaster15151.8....1152.4
4916Limestone166-17122235.62522860150152.4
 
Assyrian shekel (3)
4917Limestone62370852376030125.3
4924Alabaster1633798.6..3799.530126.6
4925Syenite, gy.10-543946.0....30131.5
 
Attic drachma (7)
4926Limestonecone1283....2064.2
4927Limestonecone133.3....266.6
4928Limestone663321.5..33405066.8
4929Limestonecone263.64.4268467.0
4930Limestonecone540.1....867.5
4918Syenite, gy.96878....10068.8
4931Limestonecone580.4....872.5
 
Aeginetan stater (8)
4932Limestone17119100..19180100191.8
4919Limestone54-669625..967050193.4
4933Basalt, br.64486991496025199.2
4920Limestone17112040....60200.7
4934Syenite, gy.9-106157....30205.2
4935Syenite, gy.9-106176....30205.6
4936Syenite, gy.9-1010340....30206.8
4937Syenite, gy.9-106240....30208.0
 
Phoenician shekel
4938Limestone578302..831040207.8
4939Limestonecone837.8....4209.5
4940Limestone6325120..25220120210.2
4941Limestone588323100842040210.5
4924Alabaster1633798.6..3799.59211.8
4942Limestone1718536..855040213.7
4943Limestone821960.5190215010215.0
4944Syenite, gy.98609....40215.2
4945Basalt, bk.1694489....20224.4
4946Limestone6625360164027000120225.0
4947Limestonecone902.0....4225.5
4948Limestone171902.0300903040225.7
4949Syenite, gy.24580....20229.0
4950Limestone5756890111058000250232.0
4951Granite, red44 tall11650....50233.0
4952Syenite, gy.94685....20234.2
4953Granite, red6547290..47400200237.0
4954Alabaster63480.6....2240.3
4955Alabaster632418.0..242610242.6
 
Eighty grain (1)
4956Limestone1713142..314.3378.6

Some of these weights bear marks, beside those noticed last year. No. 4924 is entered twice; it is marked IIIIIIIII, shewing that it is 9 units, or 9 Phoenician shekels ; but 9 is such an unlikely multiple that I think this is an after attribution, and that it was probably an Assyrian half mina, under which I have also entered it 4942 and 4948 an both marked "nn", and divided by 20 they yield double of the Phoenician shekel, which must have been the unit reckoned. The limestone cones 4926 to 4931 are very roughly chipped, and I was doubtful if they could be weights ; but the manner in which they are multiples of one another is far too unlikely to be mere chance, and so


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