13 THE ANTIQUITIES OF KAHUN
 
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same form as the alabaster; I have seen also green paste flies on a necklace of the XIIth dynasty. Of tools, there is the flint knife with bioding remaining on the handle, made of fibre lashed round with a cord: when first found this was very tender, but by wrapping it in paper I took it home safely, and then toasting it over a stove I dropped melted wax on until it was saturated : thus the binding is now unalterable. This suggests that the other flint knives may have been similarly; handled when in use : such a handling would leave no traces on the flint after it had dropped away. Seven flint flakes (4, 5) were found in a leather bag, along with some puts and some roots, the piece of wood (9) of unknown purpose, one copper piercer (15), and the spoon already described. There was also a broken piece of a flint knife, and a small whetstone (10). The copper tools are the large knife (17); two small chisels or borers set in wooden handles (14, 16), a tapering piercer (12) set in a nut handle; two other piercers (11, 13) without handles; and the small piercer (15) found in the bag. There was also a small wooden box. All of these, except the metal of the mirror and the large knife, were in one chamber ; but the mirror handle shewed so plainly the mark of the mirror tang that I had a search for the remainder, and the mirror itself and large knife were in the next chamber.

29. Turning now to inscriptions there is the large stela (PL. XI), of which the upper part was broken away anciently. It had been reused for construction in a deep tomb shaft of the XIIth dynasty, which was re-occupied m the XXIInd ; probably it came from the chapel over that tomb. The story of the theft and recovery of this stela has been already given ("Kahun," page 11). It is now at the Ghizeh museum, of course. It recorded the offerings made for a high priest Usertesen-ankh-tef-pen. The dedication to Tahuti and Sokar-asar is not very usual; and the group of festivals of Sokar, Sothis and Khem (or Ames) is interesting. The next largest inscription is on a beautiful seated statue of black basalt, representing a royal relation Se-sebek, born of the lady of the house That (XII, 14). It is quite perfect, and still retains the little original patchings of black clay where the basalt was defective. It was found standing in the corner of a room in the second of the large northern mansions. Unfortunately for me, there were no such statues of the XIIth dynasty in the Ghizeh museum, so this example is now there. The inscription covers the sides, back, and front of the throne seat ; it is here given from a hand copy which I made at the time of finding it, checked on the left side by a photograph, from which Herr Spiegelberg kindly suggested some emendations. The identification of the abbreviation for suten rekh on the right side is of interest.

The inscription for Antef-aker (XII, 1) is on the lap of a cross-legged figure in hard black serpentine ; unfortunately, the upper part of the figure is lost. It adds another to our list of royal officials; but it is curious that a blank is left at the beginning of the last line, as if it had been intended to fill in the father's name; as it is, the mother's name Nebt-tef, "lady of the father," and the grandmother's name Pepi, are given. A small round-topped limestone tablet bears the name of Mera-ankh (2) ; it seems as if it had been put in a wall as a boundary mark. The stela (3) is very rudely cut, and the names are of curious simplicity ; As, son of Hotep, being the person concerned. A seated figure in hard brown limestone has been much knocked about; the upper part is missing, and the throne seat has been broken in three pieces. The inscription is roughly cut (4), and the names are hardly legible; Heshneb is scarcely intelligible for the man's name; and his mother's is even worse, possibly Sebektes - - anf. A small painted stela (5) records Hekekuta. A part of the base of a small green basalt statue (10) gives the name of Apser; and another of a woman (13) has lost part of the name, which ends . . . menft, born of Henat ; with the addition that it was made by her beloved son, the overseer of her house, Khonsu. The stela (12) is painted, with figures roughly cut in relief; it has the usual inscriptions for a priest Amenisenb, and a lady of the house Mentu. The part of a stela of Anpi (11) is another piece of the side of a stela found last year ("Kahun," XI, 10). The pieces of the shrine and altar of Atmu-neferu (6, 7, 8) have been already mentioned in describing her pyramid. The piece (9) is a part of the list of offerings in the temple of Usertesen; removed, and left in the town, at an early time. The stamp of limestone (15) is very rudely cut, and illegible at present. The wooden stamp (16) is remarkable, as it seems probably to belong to the Hyksos period by the name, if indeed it is not intended for the Hyksos king Apepi himself. The name occurs however as early as the Xlth or XIIth dynasty at Assuan (" Season in Egypt," inscr. 219). Some fragments of writing tablets were found; they are beautifully made of wood, faced with a polished surface of stucco, so fine that ink will not soak into it or stain it, but may be washed off quite clean.


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