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From the Persian Conquest till Alexander the Great
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Persian coin used in Egypt after Persian conquest
Persian gold stater
used in Egypt
after Persian conquest
(Princeton Economic Institute)

 

Nectanebo I, 30th Dynasty
Nectanebo I, 30th Dynasty
(Louvre Museum)

 

Sphinx avenue, Luxor
Sphinx avenue, Luxor
(© Bob Culley)

 

Athenian Tetradrachm, similar to the coins minted in Egypt
Athenian Tetradrachm
similar to the coins
minted in Egypt

 

 

From the Persian Conquest till Alexander the Great
The 27th to the 31st Dynasty

525 - Cambyses
  • Destruction of temples by the Persians (Herodotus)
517 - Darius I
  • Completion of the canal connecting the Mediterranean and the Red Sea.
500
  • The Green Head, a statuette in the classical style.
  • Foreign coins circulate within Egypt, probably not used as currency but as pieces of precious metal of standardized weight.
496
  • Construction of the Amen temple at the El Charge oasis.
485 - Xerxes I
  • Revolt against the Persians suppressed
463
  • Revolt against the Persians suppressed (until 454)
424 - Xerxes II
  • Death of Herodotus, who had travelled widely in Egypt and written books about his travels, the countries he had visited and their histories.
405 - Artaxerxes II
  • Successful revolt against the Persians. Egypt regains its independence.
380 - 30th Dynasty
  • Greek mercenaries are used in the fight against Persia
  • Construction of many buildings
360
  • Temples at Tanis and Behbet el Hagar
  • Sphinx avenues in front of the temple at Luxor
  • Gates at Karnak
  • Khnum temple on Elephantine
  • Minting of coins for the Greek mercenaries.
  • According to Plutarch (c.46-c.120 AD) the Cretan-Minoan script is still (at least partially) known to Egyptian priests
343
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