Ancient Egypt: History and culture
Ancient Egyptian texts: Model letter - The equipment of a Syrian expedition
Main menu Main Index and Search Page History List of Dynasties Cultural Chronolgy Mythology Aspects of Life in Ancient Egypt Glossary of ancient Egyptian terms Herodotus on the Pharaohs Ancient Egyptian Reader Apologia and Bibliography
Printout
  For best results save the whole webpage (pictures included) onto your hard disk, open the page with Word 97 or higher, edit if necessary and print.
  Printing using the browser's print function is not recommended.

-

Koller Papyrus - Model letter:
The equipment of a Syrian expedition

-
[The scribe Amenope writes to the scribe Paibes] saying:
- Take good heed to make ready the array(?) of horses which is (bound) for Syria, together with their stable-men, and likewise their grooms; their coats .....-ed and filled with provender and straw, rubbed down twice over; their corn-bags(?) filled with kyllestis-bread, a single ass(?) in the charge of (every) two men.
Their chariots are of
bry-wood filled with [all kinds of(?)] weapons of warfare; eighty arrows in the quiver, the Hmj.t, the lance(?), the sword, the dagger, the qwt, the skhm, the whip of TAg-wood furnished with lashes, the chariot-club, the staff(?) of watchfulness, the javelin of Kheta, the rein-looser(?), their facings [of] bronze of six-fold alloy, graven with chiselling(?), ........-ed, and .........-ed.
Their cuirasses are placed beside them.
The bows are adjusted(??) to their strings, their wood being tested in drawing, their(?) bindings(?) consisting of clean ......... leather(?).
The pole is of
TAg-wood, .........-ed, shaped(?), fitted with leather, finished off(?), oiled and polished(?).

Alan H. Gardiner Egyptian Hieratic Papyri, Series I: Literary Texts of the New Kingdom, Part I , Leipzig 1911

New Kingdom
 
  This is a short model letter describing the preparations to be made for an expedition to Syria and enumerating in detail the horses, attendants, chariots and weapons that have to be made ready. The point of the composition doubtless lay in its copious use of foreign and technical words, which would serve at once to exhibit the teacher's erudition and to increase the store of the pupil's learning. (Gardiner)
 
  TAg: Asian timber
  kyllestis-bread: small loaf weighing a quarter to a third of a kilogramme.
  sword: Egyptian Hrp - Hebrew Hrb
  cuirasses: made of leather. Egyptian rbS - Hebrew lbS.

 


- -Index of Texts
 
-Index of Topics
-Main Index and Search Page
 

Feedback: Please report broken links, mistakes - factual or otherwise, etc. to me.Thanks.


 

xhtml validated