Ancient Egypt: Sphinx stela of Thutmose IV
For best results save the whole web page (pictures included) onto your hard disk, open the page with Word 97 or higher, edit if necessary and print.
Printing using the browser's print function is not recommended.
Sphinx stela of Thutmose IV
|1 Year I, third month of the first season, day 19, under the majesty of Horus: Mighty-Bull-[Begetting (?)]-Radiance; Favorite of the Two Goddesses: Enduring-in-Kingship-like-Atum; Golden Horus: Mighty-of-Sword, Repelling-the-Nine-Bows; King of Upper and Lower Egypt; Menkheprure (mn-xpr[w]ra), Son of Re: [Thutmose (IV), Shining]-in-Diadems; beloved of ///, given life, stability, satisfaction, like Re, forever. 2 Live the Good God, son of Atum, Protector of Harakhte, living image of the All-Lord, sovereign, begotten of Re; excellent heir of Khepri; beautiful of face like his father; who came forth [///] equipped with the form of Horus upon him; a king who /// the gods; who /// favor with the ennead of gods; who purifies Heliopolis, 3 who satisfies Re; who beautifies Memphis; who presents truth to Atum, who offers it to Him-Who-is-South-of-His-Wall; who makes a monument by daily offering to Horus; who does all things, seeking benefits for the gods of South and North; who builds their houses of limestone; who endows all their offerings; son of Atum, of his body, Thutmose (IV), Shining in Diadems, like Re; 4 heir of Horus upon his throne, Menkheprure, given life.||
The text on the stela is not original but was redrawn during the first millennium BCE.
Horus:.... concerning the pharaonic titles see The pharaoh - man, ruler and god.
who came forth [///] equipped with the form of Horus upon him: Breasted: He was born with the royal insignia upon him, as in Papyrus Westcar.
Him-Who-is-South-of-His-Wall: Ptah, the main god of Memphis.
When his majesty was a stripling like Horus, the youth in Khemmis, his beauty was like the protector of his father, he seemed like the god himself. The army rejoiced because of love for him, the king's-children and all the nobles. Then his strength overflowed him, and he 5 repeated the circuit of his might like the son of Nut.
Behold, he did a thing that gave him pleasure upon the highlands of the Memphite nome, upon its southern and northern road, shooting at a target with copper bolts, hunting lions and wild goats, coursing in his chariot, his horses being swifter 6 than the wind; together with two of his followers, while not a soul knew it.
Khemmis: capital of the 9th nome of Upper Egypt, modern Akhmim.
protector of his father: Breasted: Harendotes, a title of Horus.
shooting at a target with copper bolts: according to C. el Mahdy  he was shooting at a target of copper.
lions: the Nubian lions became extinct in Egypt about 200 years ago.
with two of his followers: according to C. el Mahdy he had just one companion.
while not a soul knew it: at times royal hunts were rather like army operations where the aim was to slaughter as many animals as possible.
|Now, when his hour came on for giving rest to his followers, (it was always) at the [shoulder (?)] of Harmakhis, beside Sokar in Rosta, Renutet in [/// ///] in heaven, Mut /// /// of the northern /// the mistress of the Wall of the South, Sekhmet 7 presider (fem.) over Khas (xAs) [/// ///] the splendid place of the beginning of time, over against the lords of Khereha (xr-axa), the sacred road of the gods to the necropolis west of On (Heliopolis). Now, the very great statue of Khepri, rests in this place; the great in prowess, the splendid in strength; upon which the shadow of Re tarries. The quarters of Memphis and all the cities which are by him come to him, (raising) their hands for him in praise to his face, 8 bearing great oblations for his ka.||
Rosta: C. el Mahdy: cemetery
Renenutet: harvest goddess
[/// ///] in heaven: According to C. el Mahdy Tamut in the region of the pyramids.
[/// ///] the splendid place: C. el Mahdy: Seth, the eldest magician, in the hallowed place.
necropolis: C. el Mahdy: horizon
One of those days it came to pass that the king's-son, Thutmose, came, coursing at the time of midday, and he rested in the shadow of this great god. A [vision (?)] of sleep seized him at the hour (when) the sun was in the zenith, 9 and he found the majesty of this revered god speaking with his own mouth, as a father speaks with his son, saying: "Behold thou me! See thou me! my son Thutmose. I am thy father, Harmakhis-Khepri-Re-Atum, who will give to thee my kingdom 10 on earth at the head of the living. Thou shalt wear the white crown and the red crown upon the throne of Keb, the hereditary prince. The land shall be thine in its length and breadth, that which the eye of the All-Lord shines upon. The food of the Two Lands shall be thine, the great tribute of all countries, the duration of a long period of years. My face is thine, my desire is toward thee. Thou shalt be to me a protector 11 (for) my manner is as I were ailing in all my limbs [///]. The sand of this desert upon which I am, has reached me; turn to me, to have that done which I have desired, knowing that thou art my son, my protector; [come hither (?)], behold, I am with thee, I am 12 thy leader."
this great god: Breasted: the sphinx
My face is thine: C. el Mahdy thinks that the god's face is turned towards Thutmose.
Thou shalt be to me a protector: according to el Mahdy: You are mine.
turn to me: el Mahdy: I have waited.
|When he had finished this speech, this king's-son [awoke (?)] hearing this /// ///; he understood the words of this god, and he kept silent in his heart. He said: "Come, let us hasten to our house in the city; they shall protect the oblations for this god 13 which we bring for him: oxen [///] and all young vegetables; and we shall give praise [to] Wen-nofer, /// /// /// Khaf[re], the statue made for Atum-Harmakhis 14 /////////||
this king's-son: i.e. Thutmose
they shall protect: el Mahdy: we shall dedicate
Source: J. H. Breasted: Ancient Records of Egypt, Part Two, §§ 810-815
 After Christine El-Mahdy: Die Traumstele Thutmosis IV from Tutanchamun - Leben und Sterben des jungen Pharaos, Blessing Verlag Munich, 2000
|Index of Texts|
|Index of Topics|
|Main Index and Search Page|
|Offsite links||(Opening in a new window)|
|I do not assume any responsibility for the availability or content of these websites|
|Die Traumstele Thutmosis IV|
Feedback: Please report broken links, mistakes - factual or otherwise, etc. to me.Thanks.