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Ancient Egyptian texts: A Hymn to Osiris and the Legend of the Origin of Horus
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A Hymn to Osiris and the Legend of the Origin of Horus

    1 Homage to thee, Osiris, Lord of eternity, King of the gods, whose names are manifold, whose transformations are sublime, whose form is hidden in the temples, whose Ka is holy, the Governor of Tetut, the mighty one of possessions (?) 2 in the shrine, the Lord of praises in the nome of Anetch, President of the tchefa food in Anu, Lord who art commemorated in [the town of Maati, the mysterious (or, hidden) Soul, the Lord of Qerret, the sublime one in White Wall, the Soul of Ra [and] his very body, who hast thy dwelling in 3 Henensu, the beneficent one, who art praised in Nart, who makest to rise up thy Soul, Lord of the Great House in the City of the Eight Gods [who inspirest] great terror in Shas-hetep, Lord of eternity, Governor of Abtu. - -Tetut: Djedet, Busiris, was the original home of the Osiris worship
-Anetch: Andjet, 9th nome of Lower Egypt, capital Busiris
-Anu: On, Heliopolis
-Maati: Centre of the Ptah worship in the 2nd nome of Lower Egypt, capital Letopolis
-Qerret: Region of the 1st Nile cataract.
-White Wall: First nome of Lower Egypt, Memphis
-Henensu: Henen-nesut, Herakleopolis in the 20th nome of Upper Egypt
-Nart: Herakleopolis
-City of the eight Gods: Khemenu Hermopolis, where the primeval hill had risen out of the waters of Nun.
-Eight gods: the Ogdoad including Nu, Nut; Hehu, Hehut; Kekui, Kekuit; Kerh, and Kerhet.
-Shas-hetep: Shas-hotep, Apotheke, Seth cult centre
-Abtu: Abdu, Abydos, centre of worship of Khentamenthes who was identified with Osiris
    Thy seat (or, domain) reacheth far into Ta-tchesert, and thy name is firmly stablished in the mouth[s] of men. 4 Thou art the two-fold substance of the Two Lands everywhere (?), and the divine food of the Kau, the Governor of the Companies of the Gods, and the beneficent (or, perfect) Spirit-soul among Spirit-souls. The god Nu draweth his waters from thee, and thou bringest forth the north wind at eventide, and wind from thy nostrils to the satisfaction of thy heart. 5. Thy heart flourisheth, and thou bringest forth the splendour of tchef food. -Ta-tchesert: (MdC transliteration: tA-Dsr) lit. sacred land - the necropolis, the realm of the dead.
-Two Lands: Upper and Lower Egypt
-Kau: pl.of ka, immortal part of living beings
-Companies of the Gods: the gods of Heaven, of Earth, and of the Other World
-north wind at eventide: cool wind blowing from the Mediterranean
    The height of heaven and the stars [thereof] are obedient unto thee, and thou makest to be opened the great gates [of the sky]. Thou art the lord to whom praises are sung in the southern heaven, thou art he to whom thanks are given in the northern heaven. The stars which never 6 diminish are under the place of thy face, and thy seats are the stars which never rest. Offerings appear before thee by the command of Keb. The Companies of the Gods ascribe praise unto thee, the Star-gods of the Tuat smell the earth before thee, the domains [make] bowings [before thee], and the ends of the earth make supplication to thee 7 [when] they see thee. -stars which never rest: circumpolar stars which never set, souls of the deceased
-Keb: Geb, father of Osiris
-smell the earth before thee: prostrate themselves, see Amarna letters
    Those who are among the holy ones are in terror of him, and the Two Lands, all of them, make acclamations to him when they meet His Majesty. Thou art a shining noble at the head of the nobles, permanent in [thy] high rank, established in [thy] sovereignty, the beneficent Power of the Company of the Gods. Well pleasing [is thy] face, 8 and thou art beloved by him that seeth thee. Thou settest the fear of thee in all lands, and because of their love for thee [men] hold thy name to be pre-eminent. Every man maketh offerings unto thee, and thou art the Lord who is commemorated in heaven and upon earth. Manifold are the cries of acclamation to thee in the Uak festival, and the 9 Two Lands shout joyously to thee with one accord. Thou art the eldest, the first of thy brethren, the Prince of the Company of the Gods, and the establisher of Truth throughout the Two Lands. Thou settest [thy] son upon the great throne of his father Keb. Thou art the beloved one of thy mother Nut, whose valour is most mighty [when] thou overthrowest the Seba Fiend. 10. Thou hast slaughtered thy enemy, and hast put the fear of thee into thy Adversary. -Uak festival: the wag-festival (MdC transliteration: wAg,) a festival of the dead celebrated on the 18th day of the first month of Akhet.
(Look also The Egyptians and their dead, Public religious ceremonies.)

    Thou art the bringer in of the remotest boundaries, and art stable of heart, and thy two feet are lifted up (?); thou art the heir of Keb and of the sovereignty of the Two Lands, and he (i.e., Keb) hath seen thy splendid qualities, and hath commanded thee to guide 11 the lands (i.e., the world) by thy hand so long as times [and seasons] endure.

    Thou hast made this earth with thy hand, the waters thereof, the winds thereof, the trees and herbs thereof, the cattle thereof of every kind, the birds thereof of every kind, the fish thereof of every kind, the creeping things thereof, and the four-footed beasts thereof. The land of the desert belongeth by right to 12 the son of Nut, and the Two Lands have contentment in making him to rise upon the throne of his father like Ra.

    Thou rollest up into the horizon, thou settest the light above the darkness, thou illuminest [the Two Lands] with the light from thy two plumes, thou floodest the Two Lands like the 13 Disk at the beginning of the dawn. Thy White Crown pierceth the height of heaven saluting the stars, thou art the guide of every god. Thou art perfect in command and word. Thou art the favoured one of the Great Company of the Gods, and thou art the beloved one of the Little Company of the Gods.

-Disk: the Aten
-White Crown: Crown of Upper Egypt

    Thy sister [Isis] acted as a protectress to thee. She drove [thy] enemies away, 14 she averted seasons [of calamity from thee], she recited the word (or, formula) with the magical power of her mouth, [being] skilled of tongue and never halting for a word, being perfect in command and word. Isis the magician avenged her brother. She went about seeking for him untiringly.

-magical power: see Heka, the magic of Egypt
    15. She flew round and round over this earth uttering wailing cries of grief, and she did not alight on the ground until she bad found him. She made light [to come forth] from her feathers, she made air to come into being by means of her two wings, and she cried out the death cries for her brother. 16. She made to rise up the helpless members of him whose heart was at rest, she drew from him his essence, and she made therefrom an heir. She suckled the child in solitariness and none knew where his place was, and he grew in strength. His hand is mighty (or, victorious) within the house 17 of Keb, and the Company of the Gods rejoice greatly at the coming of Horus, the son of Osiris, whose heart is firmly stablished, the triumphant one, the son of Isis, the flesh and bone of Osiris. The Tchatcha of Truth, and the Company of the Gods, and Neb-er-tcher himself, and the Lords of Truth, gather together to him, and assemble therein. 18. Verily those who defeat iniquity rejoice in the House of Keb to bestow the divine rank and dignity upon him to whom it belongeth, and the sovereignty upon him whose it is by right.
Source: E. A. Wallis Budge, Legends of the Egyptian Gods [1]
-Tchatcha: the divine chiefs at the court of Osiris
-Neb-er-tcher: Lord of the Border, Osiris
-heir: Horus

 


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-[1] A hymn to Osiris and a legend of the origin of Horus
 

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