Ancient Egypt: History and culture
Ancient Egypt: The biography of Metjen
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The biography of Metjen

There were presented to him the things of his father, the judge and scribe Anubisemonekh; there was no grain or anything of the house, [but (?)] there were people and small cattle. He was made chief scribe of the provision magazine, and overseer of the things of the provision magazine. He was made [/////] becoming local governor of Xois (Ox-nome), and inferior field-judge of Xois. He was appointed [///]-judge, he was made overseer of all flax of the king, he was made ruler of Southern Perked (pr-qd), and [deputy (?)], he was made local governor of the people of Dep, palace-ruler of Miper ([my]-pr) and Persepa (pr-spa), and local governor of the Saitic nome, ruler of the stronghold of Sent (snt), [deputy (?)] of nomes, ruler of Pershesthet (pr-SsTt), ruler of the towns of the palace, of the Southern Lake. Sheret-Methen (Srt-mTn) was founded, [and the domain which (?)] his father Anubisemonekh presented to him.
[Administrator (?)], nomarch, and overseer of commissions in the Anubis nome, overseer of [///] of the Mendesian nome, [/// ///] 4 [stat (?)] of land, (with) people and everything ///// /////. There were founded for him the 12 towns of Shet-Methen (St-mTn) in the Saitic nome, in the Xoite nome, and the Sekhemite nome /////. There were conveyed to him as a reward 200 stat of lands by numerous royal [///], a [mortuary] offering of 100 loaves every day from the mortuary temple of the mother of the king's children, Nemathap (nmaA.t-Hap), a house 200 cubits long and 200 cubits wide, built and equipped; fine trees were set out, a very large lake was made therein, figs and vines were set out. It was recorded therein according to the king's writings, their names were according to the decree (sr) of the king's writings. Very plentiful trees and vines were set out), a great quantity of wine was made therein. A vineyard was made for him; 2,000 stat of land within the wall; trees were set out, ([in (?)]) Imeres (yy-mrs), Sheret-Methen (Sr-mTn), Yat-Sebek (yat-sbk), Shet-Methen (St-mTn).
- Metjen
Statuette of Metjen
Lepsius Denkmäler aus Aegypten und Aethiopien, Abth.II, Bl.120
-There were presented to him the things of his father: Officials who just set out on their career may have needed the financial support of their parents until remunerations were enough to provide them with a living.
-people: seemingly serf like peasants (cf. Slavery).
-stat: area, often translated as aroura, 100 by 100 cubits
-house: Residences like this served both as offices and living quarters.
-as a reward 200 stat of lands: Apparently the remuneration of a nomarch during the Old Kingdom. Nomarchs, generally belonging to the local nobility, were mostly independently wealthy.
-cubits: cubit - about half a metre
-lake was made: Egyptians loved water. Temples and royal palaces had their lakes, and even smaller mansions generally had a pond in their enclosed garden.
-wine: Wine was mostly drunk by the upper classes only.
Some of Metjen's titles
Source: Lepsius [1], excerpt
Ruler of Southern Perked (pr-qd),
Ruler of Perwersah (pr-wr-sH);
Ruler and local governor of the stronghold, Hesen (Hsn); in the Harpoon nome;
Palace-ruler and local governor in Sekhemu (sxmw) of Xois (Ox-nome).
Palace-ruler and local governor in Dep (Buto);
Palace-ruler and local governor in Miper ([my (?)]pr), of the Saite nome;
Palace-ruler and local governor in Two Hounds, of the Mendesian nome;
Palace-ruler in Heswer (Hs-wr)-, ruler of fields in the west of the Saitic nome;
Palace-ruler of the Cow stronghold; local governor in the desert, and master of the hunt;
Ruler of fields, [deputy (?)] and local governor in the Sekhemite nome;
Nomarch, [administrator (?)], and deputy in the eastern Fayum;
Field-Judge, palace-ruler of the west of the Saitic nome, leader of [///].
 
There were conveyed to him, as a reward, 200 stat of land by the numerous royal [///].
There were conveyed to him 50 stat of land by (his) mother Neb-sent (nb-snt), she made a will thereof to (her) children; it was placed in their possession by the king's writings (in) every place.
Ruler of [///] of the Sekhemite nome. There were given to him 12 stat of land, with his children; there were people and small cattle.
Map
Lower Egypt
      L2: Sekhemite nome
      L3: West
      L5: Saitic nome (Sais, Buto)
      L6: Ox nome (Xois)
      L7: West Harpoon
      L16: Mendesian nome
Upper Egypt
      U17: Anubis nome

Metjen was responsible mostly for regions in the extreme west of the country. He was both civilian administrator of the nome and military commander of the fortresses defending the country against Libyan incursions.
-with his children: Breasted's explanation: and to his children likewise

J. H. Breasted, Ancient Records of Egypt, Part One, §§171ff.


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-[1] Lepsius Denkmäler aus Aegypten und Aethiopien, Abth.II, Bl.3
-Lepsius Denkmäler aus Aegypten und Aethiopien, Abth.II, Bl.4
-Lepsius Denkmäler aus Aegypten und Aethiopien, Abth.II, Bl.5
-Lepsius Denkmäler aus Aegypten und Aethiopien, Abth.II, Bl.6
-Lepsius Denkmäler aus Aegypten und Aethiopien, Abth.II, Bl.7
 

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November 2004

 

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