Ancient Egypt: The Semna Inscription of Mermose
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The Semna Inscription of the vice-roy Merimose
............. occurred the reaping of the harvest of the [foe] of Ibhet. Every man [reported] and one mustered [an army of] Pharaoh, L.H.P., which was under command of this king's son. He made troops, commanded by commanders, each man with his village; from the fortress of Beki to the fortress of Taroy, making 52 iters of sailing.
The might of Nibmatre took them in one day, in one hour, making a great slaughter ............. their cattle; not one of them escaped; each one of them was brought ... ... ... ... fear. The might of Amenhotep took them; the barbarians among them, male as well as female, were not separated; by the plan of Horus, Lord of the Two Lands, King Nibmatre, mighty bull, strong in might. Ibhet had been haughty, great things were in their hearts, (but) the fierce-eyed lion, this ruler, he slew them by command of Amon-Atum, his august father; it was he who led him in might and victory.
Ibhet : important for its quarries, see the biography of Weni
this king's son : Merimose, the vice-roy. This was a local policing action fought by Northern Nubian militias rather than a military campaign. Its conduct was left in the hands of the viceroy.
Beki : near Kubban, about 50 km above the 1st cataract
52 iters: somewhat more than 100 km (Breasted)
Nibmatre : Nebmaatre, Amenhotep III (1402-1364)
mighty bull: A frequent epithet of pharaohs since earliest times, cf. The Narmer Palette.
List of the captivity which his majesty took in the land of Ibhet, the wretched:
James Henry Breasted Ancient Records of Egypt, Part Two, § 852 ff
The population of Nubia was small, perhaps counting as few as 100,000 inhabitants.
Hands thereof: A hand was cut off the corpse of a fallen enemy as proof of a kill, cf. The Armed Forces: Standards of Behaviour after Victory. Here they apparently cut off both hands.
the Good God: Pharaoh
Tombos inscription of Merimose
Source: Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
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