Ancient Egypt: History and culture
Ancient Egyptian texts: The Donation Stela of the Chief of Mendes Hornakht

Main menu Main Index and Search Page History List of Dynasties Cultural Chronolgy Mythology Aspects of Life in Ancient Egypt Glossary of ancient Egyptian terms Herodotus on the Pharaohs Ancient Egyptian Reader Apologia and Bibliography
  For best results save the whole webpage (pictures included) onto your hard disk, open the page with Word 97 or higher, edit if necessary and print.
  Printing using the browser's print function is not recommended.


The Donation Stela of the Chief of Mendes Hornakht

Mendes donation stela
The Donation Stela of the Chief of Mendes Hornakht
One dead president on Wikimedia, GNU Free Documentation License

for the winged disk: The one from Behdet who gives life
for Hatmehit: Recitation by Hatmehit
for Banebdjedet: Recitation by the Lord of Mendes
for Osiris: Recitation by Osiris who gives life
for Hornakht: The Great Chief and leader, Hornakht the justified for Ankhhorpakhered: The flautist of Horus the Child, Ankhkhorpakhered
This donation stela dates probably to the reign of Osorkon III, who ruled from about 787 till 759 BCE.
From left to right are depicted the deities Hatmehit, her consort Banebdjedet, Osiris and Horus the Child, at Mendes the son of Hatmehit and Banebdjedet.
Facing them is Hornakht, the Great Chief of the Libyan Meshwesh who controlled the Nile delta at that time. He is donating a field of 10 arouras to the flautist of Horus the Child, Ankhhorpakhered. Behind him stands the recipient, the flautist Ankhhorpakhered.
Year 22 of the reign of Pharaoh Sheshonq. A donation for Harpokrates who is at Mendes, from the hand of the Great Chief of the Ma and leader, Hornakht, son of the Great Chief of the Ma, Neskhebit, of 10 aruras of land given to the flautist of Harpokrates, Ankhhorpakhered, son of the chief flautist of the Ram, Lord of Mendes, Gemnefhorbak, they (shall) remain in his possession for all eternity.
He who shall take them from him, [may a donkey fuck him], may a donkey fuck his wife, may his wife fuck his child; then may Banebdjedet the Great God, Lord of Life, and Hatmehit, and Harpocrates cut him down by cutting off his head. They shall not let his eldest son succeed him. He who shall seek his welfare, he shall remain on the land like a being of the gods, and they shall give his son his position.
-Year 22 of the reign of Pharaoh Sheshonq: about 765 BCE
-Ma: the Meshwesh, who had entered the Delta region in ever greater numbers in the late 2nd millennium BCE and had become Egyptianized to some extent. By the 8th century Lower Egypt was ruled by a number of local kings. (cf. The Libyans)
-may a donkey fuck him: considering the size of the animal's organ, few Egyptians would have faced such a prospect with equanimity. The same threat had already been in use during the New Kingdom (cf. Adoption Papyrus), and no doubt seems to have been cast upon the curse's effectivity all these centuries later
-they shall give his son his position: unless a person were completely incapable he would inherit his father's positions and offices.
After: Robert Kriech Ritner, Inscriptions from Egypt's Third Intermediate Period, Society of Biblical Lit, 2009, pp.387ff.


- -Index of Texts
-Index of Topics

Feedback: Please report broken links, mistakes - factual or otherwise, etc. to me.Thanks.

© June 2010