Ancient Egypt: History and culture
Ancient Egypt: The biography of Kheti, son of Tefibi
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The biography of the nomarch Kheti, son of Tefibi

[Heir of a ruler, ruler of rulers, son of a ruler, son of the daughter of a ruler, an ancient stock /////// [son of (?)] the daughter of a ruler, [///] of the beginning, a noble [without (?)] an equal. ................ for thou hast put [fear (?)] in the land, thou hast chastised Middle Egypt for his sake alone. Kheti (alt. Akhtoy) was the son of the nomarch Tefibi whom he succeeded when he was just a child of a cubit (The Biography of Tefibi.)
 
-................: Breasted: King Merikare's benefits to Kheti are referred to..
-thou: i.e. Kheti
-his sake: Breasted: The king's sake.
Thou didst convey him up-river, the heaven cleared for him, the whole land was with him, the counts of Middle Egypt, and the great ones of Heracleopolis, the district [of (?)] the queen of the land, who came to repel the evil-doer. The land trembled, Middle Egypt [feared (?)], all the people were in terror, the villages in [panic (?)], fear entered into their limbs. The officials of Pharaoh were (a prey) to fear, the favorites to the terror of Heracleopolis. The land burned in its flame ............... Never was the front of a fleet brought into Sheshotep, while its rear was still at [///] ............... They descended by water and landed at Heracleopolis. The city came, rejoicing over [her (?)] lord, the son of her lord, women mingled with men, old men and children. -Heracleopolis: the capital of the kings supported by Kheti and his family.
-queen of the land: Breasted: Some protecting goddess
-evil-doer: One regularly called one's opponents derogative names: wretched, rebels etc.
-Sheshotep: just south of Siut.
Map
The domain of the Heracleopolitan kings at this time extended almost as far south as Abydos.
 
The ruler's (HqA) son, he reached his city, entering into the house of his father. He saw the [approach (?)] to their house, his sarcophagus, his old age. When a man is in his place (his tomb), the city [/// ///] of eternity [/// ///].
Thy city-god loves thee, Tefibi's son, Kheti. He hath [presented (?)] thee, that he might look to the future in order to restore his temple, in order to raise the ancient walls, the original places of offering, to [///] the venerable ground, [/// /// ///] which Ptah built with his fingers, which Thoth founded, for Upwawet, lord of Siut, [by (?)] command of the king, the ruler (HqA) of the Two Lands, the king of Upper and Lower Egypt, Merikere, to make a monument for the souls of Anubis, the great god; that he (the king) might spend for him (i.e. the god) millions of years, that he might repeat Sed Jubilees; under the leadership of the confidant of the king, Tefibi's son, Kheti, great lord of Middle Egypt. Behold, thy name shall be forever in the temple of Upwawet, thy memory shall be beautiful in the colonnade. Some shall communicate it to others, [///] the future [///] in years, one hundred after another hundred, of added life upon earth; thou shalt (still) be among them that dwell on [earth.] .................
-ruler: here: nomarch
-house: the tomb
 
 
 
 
-city-god: the main god of Siut was Wepwawet.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
-Sed Jubilee: Heb Sed, the festival of the renewal of the king's powers, celebrated at somewhat irregular intervals.
-thy name shall be forever: on the importance of the name see Body and Soul
 
 
-.................: Breasted: The intervening lines contain praise of Kheti as builder of the temple, The text then proceeds to the government of the nome.
How beautiful is that which happens in thy time, the city is satisfied with thee. That which was concealed from the people, thou hast done it [openly (?)], in order to make gifts to Siut, /// by thy plan alone. Every [official] was at his post, there was no one fighting, nor any shooting an arrow. The child was not smitten, beside his mother, (nor) the citizen beside his wife. There was no evil-doer in [///], nor any one doing violence against his house [///]. Thy city-god, thy father who loveth thee, [leadeth (?)] thee.
The temples were made to flourish, offerings were made to the gods; the wicked saw it, //////// he put not eternity before him, he looked not to the future, he saw evil ///////// .......
Source: J. H. Breasted, Ancient Records of Egypt, Part One, § 398ff.

 


Bibliography
James H. Breasted, Ancient Records of Egypt, Part One, 1905
James H. Breasted, History of Egypt from the Earliest Time to the Persian Conquest, 1909
Alan Gardiner, Egypt of the Pharaohs: An Introduction, 1966
Nicholas Grimal, A History of Ancient Egypt, 1992
Michael Rice, Who's Who in Ancient Egypt, 1999
H.S. Versnel, Triumphus: Inquiry into the Origin, Development and Meaning of the Roman Triumph, Brill Academic Publishers, 1997

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