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Ancient Egypt: Two marriages of Amenhotep III
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Two scarab inscriptions commemorating marriages of Amenhotep III

Tiye

[Image: Scarab inscription]
1 Live Horus, mighty bull appearing in Truth, 2 (he of the) two ladies; he establishes laws, he pacifies the Two Lands; 3 Gold Horus, great of strength, who smites the Asiatics; the king of Upper and Lower Egypt, lord of the Two Lands, 4 Nebmaatre, son of Re, Amenhotep (III), ruler of Thebes, given life, 5 (and) the great king's wife, Tiy, may she live, the name of her father is 6 Yuya, the name of her mother is Tjuia. 7 She is the wife of a mighty king 8 whose southern boundary is as far as Karoy 9 (and) the northern as far as Naharin.

After J.H. Breasted, Ancient Records of Egypt, Part Two §862

Gilukhipa

- -Truth: Maat is more than truth. It is the quintessence of pharaonic rule: the upholding of the divine precepts of which establishing the laws and pacifying the two lands are an important part.
-two ladies: The goddesses of Upper and Lower Egypt, protectrices of the pharaoh.
-Karoy: Nubian region around Napata, staging post for Egyptian overland trade with Punt.
-Naharin: Region in western Syria
Year 10 under the rule of his majesty ... live Horus, mighty bull appearing in truth, (he of the) two ladies; he establishes laws, he pacifies the Two Lands; Gold Horus, great of strength, who smites the Asiatics; the king of Upper and Lower Egypt, lord of the Two Lands, Nebmaatre, son of Re, Amenhotep (III), ruler of Thebes, given life, and the great king's wife, Tiy, may she live, the name of her father is Yuya, the name of her mother is Tjuia.
Marvel brought to his majesty, l.p.h., Kirgipa, daughter of the prince of Naharin Satirna, and the chief of her harem ladies, 317 persons.

After J.H. Breasted, Ancient Records of Egypt, Part Two §867

Mitanni-Egyptian family bonds
-Kirgipa: Gilukhipa was the second Mitanni princess given in marriage to a pharaoh. The name of the one married to Thutmose IV is unknown, Mutemwiya has been proposed as a possibility, cf. Political Marriages.

 


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-Commemorative Scarab of Amenhotep III
-The five Amenhotep III commemorative scarabs
 

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© September 2004
Update: April 2005

 

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