ancient egypt: history and culture
Ancient Egyptian deities: Tefnut
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Tefnut

Tefnut     Tefnut, created by Atem together with her brother and consort Shu, was the goddess of moisture as the traditional view hasd it or, according to Jan Assmann, of fire. According to the Shabaka Stone which expounds Memphite views, the gods were not created by Atem masturbating as in the Heliopolitan tradition, but by the divine word:
His (Ptah's) Ennead is before him as teeth and lips. They are the semen and the hands of Atum. For the Ennead of Atum came into being through his semen and his fingers. But the Ennead is the teeth and lips in this mouth which pronounced the name of every thing, from which Shu and Tefnut came forth, and which gave birth to the Ennead.
M. Lichtheim, Ancient Egyptian Literature, Vol.1, p.54
    Atem, Shu and Tefnut formed the first triad.
After having become one god, there were [now] three gods in me
Bremner-Rhind Papyrus
    She and her brother brought forth Geb and Nut, becoming thus the ancestors of all the gods. When Re became merged with Atem, Shu became the sun and Tefnut the moon, called at times Mistress of the Flame, which in the eyes of the traditionalists refers to the ability of moisture to put out fire. At times Tefnut was also identified with the sun, and hence with the uraeus.
    She was depicted as a woman with a lion's head wearing a solar disk on her head.
 
    Tefnut was at times identified with Mehit, consort of Onuris.
 

 
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