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Ancient Egyptian deities: Shentayet
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Also Maahes, Mahes, Mysis, Miysis or Myusis etc.
Mihos     Mihos, mAj-HzA,[1] son of Bastet or, more rarely, Sekhmet and Atem-Re, was a local lion god at Taremu, Greek Leontopolis, known since the New Kingdom. He was depicted as as a lion or a man with a lion's head, wearing a kilt and various headdresses such as a sun-disk on a Roman period stela [2] and often grasping a knife and described as a fierce eyed lion,[3] and given the epithet Lord of Slaughter.[4] He was a god of war and was associated in Greek writings with storms and darkness. He was a sun-god, embodying the scorching summer heat,[5] and supported Re in his nightly struggle with Apophis.
    Occasionally embalmed lions were placed in the tombs of important people, such as Maya's, the wetnurse of Tutankhamen. It has been suggested that male lion mummies may have been regarded as reincarnations of Mihos,[6] who would protect the deceased. Small Mihos amulets were worn and his name is occasionally invoked in magical texts from the New Kingdom onwards:
Mihos, mighty one, shall send out a lion of the sons of Mihos under compulsion to fetch them to me (bis) the souls of god, the souls of man, the souls of the Underworld, the souls of the horizon, the spirits, the dead, so that they tell me the truth to-day concerning that after which I am inquiring
    In the latter part of the first millennium BCE, the name of Mihos was frequently used in Leontopolis in theophoric names appearing on coffins and statues and donation stelas were offered in his name.[7]


    The lotus flower was associated with him, just as it was with Nefertem, another of Sekhmet's bellicose offspring, with whom he became associated during the 22nd dynasty.[8] Mihos also shared many characteristics with another lion deity, Tutu,[9], with whom he was master of the Seven Demons and for whom he was at times substituted.[10] But he was more deeply leonine than Tutu, who always retained a human countenance.[11]
    Mahes, i.e. fierce lion, was also the epithet of some other gods such as Atem, about whom is written in a text from the Sobek temple library at Tebtunis:
... [It is Atem] the fierce lion, who does not sleep
pFlorence PSI inv. I 70[12]
    Mihos was also associated at times with Horus and with Re.[15]

The cult

    The main cult of Mihos was at Leontopolis, where the ruins of his temple still dominate the landscape. The oldest temple remains there indicate that a sanctuary had been standing there during the 18th dynasty.[13] His temple at Bubastis, built by Osorkon II, was right beside that of Bastet.[14] In Upper Egypt he was worshipped at Aphroditopolis and in Graeco-Roman times at Edfu, Philae, in Nubia and some of the oases in the Libyan desert like Bahariya.[15]
Carol Andrews, Jacobus van Dijk, Objects for eternity: Egyptian antiquities from the W. Arnold Meijer Collection, Von Zabern, 2006
Bard 1999
Laura Hobgood-Oster, Holy Dogs and Asses: Animals in the Christian Tradition, University of Illinois Press, 2008
Olaf E. Kaper, The Egyptian god Tutu: a study of the sphinx-god and master of demons with a corpus of monuments, Peeters Publishers, 2003
Manfred Lurker, The Routledge Dictionary of Gods and Goddesses, Devils and Demons, Routledge, 2004
Robert Morkot, The Egyptians: an introduction, Routledge, 2005
Clive Barrett, The Egyptian gods and goddesses: the mythology and beliefs of ancient Egypt, Diamond, 1996
Shaw & Nicholson 1995
Wilkinson 2003
[1] MdC transliteration mAj-HzA meaning "fierce lion"
For goddesses the epithet mAj.t HzA.t (Wb 2, 12.7) is sometimes used.
[2] Kaper 2003, p.360
[3] Morkot 2005, p.42
[4] Barrett 1996, p.56
[5] Lurker 2004, p.116
[6] Hobgood 2008, p.25
[7] Bard 1999, p.962
[8] Andrews & van Dijk 2006
[9] Kaper 2003, p.39
[10] Kaper 2003, p.72
[11] Kaper 2003, p.54
[12] After a transliteration and German translation on the Thesaurus Linguae Aegyptiae website: Altägyptisches Wörterbuch, Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften => späte Ritualbücher => Tempelbibliotheken => Bibliothek des Sobektempels von Tebtynis => pFlorenz PSI inv. I 70 => Tägliches Ritual für Sobek den Herrn von Beten (Tebtynis)
[13] Shaw & Nicholson 1995, p.192
[14] Bard 1999, p.947
[15] Wilkinson 2003, p.178f.

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