ancient egypt: history and culture
Ancient Egyptian deities: Menqet
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- Menqet


Menqet holding two vessels
After E. A. Wallis Budge, Gods of the Egyptians 1904, vol.2

    Menqet,  mnq.t (transliteration: mnq.t), was considered to be the provider of beer. According to spell 101 in the Book of the Dead Menqet was to make plants germinate upon the body of the Osiris Nu
Through Menqet a shrub will be made to grow on his breast
pLondon BM EA 10477 (pNu), Tb 101 [1]
    The king is described in one scene as having been raised by her in another, where she is referred to as Menqet-in-Kemwer,[3] as having been born by her. Other ritual scenes show him as being her follower, her servant or her heir.[2]


    She was depicted as a mummy, as a woman bearing jars in her hands or on a tablet. As a bearer of offerings she wore a white crown or carried a jar on her head.[2]


    In Graeco-Roman times she raised the king with bread and beer as Menqet-in-Dendarah and Great Menqet was one of the names of Hathor,[2] side by side with whom she was often depicted.[4]

E. A. W. Budge, The Book of the Dead, vol.II, London 1901, chapter CI
Carol Andrews, Amulets of Ancient Egypt, University of Texas Press, 1994, p.100
Christian Leitz, Dagmar Budde, Lexikon der ägyptischen Götter und Götterbezeichnungen, Volume 3, Orientalia Lovaniensia analecta ; 110-116, 129, Peeters Publishers, 2002
Renée F. Friedman, Barbara Adams, The followers of Horus: studies dedicated to Michael Allen Hoffman, 1944-1990, Volume 2 of Egyptian Studies Association publication, Oxbow Books, 1992

[1] After a transliteration and German translation on the Thesaurus Linguae Aegyptiae website: Totenbuchprojekt, Nordrhein-Westfälische Akademie der Wissenschaften => pLondon BM EA 10477 (pNu) => Tb 101
[2] Leitz & Budde 2002, p.317
[3] Kemwer: the 10th Lower Egyptian nome km wr.
[4] Friedman & Adams 1992, p.21

© January 2007
October 2009

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