ancient egypt: history and culture
Ancient Egyptian deities: Menkeret
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also Menket, Menqet
    Menkeret, mnkr.t (transliteration mnkr.t),[1] the personification of the mnkr.t,[2] the bull or lion tail attached to the royal apron, was the goddess who carried on her head the deceased king wearing the red crown of Lower Egypt [5] through the marshes of the Underworld. She was one of the eight Sekhmet-goddesses who guarded of the Eye of Horus,[4] and by extension protectress of the sons of the sun, the pharaohs.
    She is known from representations in tombs (Tutankhamen), from the Book of the Amduat, and from Late Period texts.


    She was shown as a woman wearing the Red Crown, who was being carried by a god. Alternatively she appeared as lionheaded goddess, standing and holding the was-sceptre and the ankh.[4] Originally a female goddess, Menkeret was also depicted as a male god. This double function may be a symbol for the role she played in bringing about the rebirth of the king.[3]


    Menkeret as Mistress of the Temple of Purification [6] was one of the names of the goddess Hathor.[4]

[1] Wb 2, 91.7-8
[2] Wb 2, 91.6
[3] Nicole Kloth, Hartwig Altenmüller, Karl Martin, Eva Pardey (eds.), Es werde niedergelegt als Schriftstück: Festschrift für Hartwig Altenmüller zum 65. Geburtstag, Volume 9 of Studien zur altägyptischen Kultur,Buske Verlag, 2003, p.344
[4] Christian Leitz, Dagmar Budde, Lexikon der ägyptischen Götter und Götterbezeichnungen, Volume 3, Orientalia Lovaniensia analecta ; 110-116, 129, Peeters Publishers, 2002, p.318
[5] Gabor Takacs, Etymological dictionary of Egyptian,, Volume 48 of Handbook of Oriental Studies. Section 1, Near & Middle East, BRILL, 2007, p.334
[6] Sylvie Cauville, Dendara V-VI: Index Phraseologique Les Cryptes Du Temple D' Hathor; Volume 132 of Orientalia Lovaniensia analecta, Peeters Publishers, 2004, p.192

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October 2009

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