ancient egypt: history and culture
Ancient Egyptian deities: The moon god Iah
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Iah

also Aah, Yah etc.
 
    Iah, jaH,[7] was an ancient, minor moon god, personification of the heavenly body [3] just as the Aten, the sun disk, was the embodiment of the sun. Like the more important moon deities Thoth and Khonsu, with whom he merged later on,[6] he could manifest himself as a crescent new moon, an ibis or a falcon. [3]
    He became part of the Osiris cult in the time of the 5th dynasty and sailed the ma'atet-boat as Osiris,[1] for Osiris as moon child god–according to an Isis temple chant who cometh to us as a babe each month–was in the care of Thoth, of whom it was said that
He lays thy (i.e. Osiris' ) soul in the maadit [8] boat
by the magic of thy name of Ah
[6]
    In the Pyramid texts of Pepi I he is referred to as the late pharaoh's brother.[2] He was especially popular at the beginning of the New Kingdom, possibly as the result of Middle Eastern influences,[3] when names like Ahmose, meaning 'Iah is born', and Ahhotep, 'Iah is content', were frequent.[4] In the Book of the Dead Osiris is described as shining forth in the splendor of A'ah.[1]
    Iah and his cult are but rarely referred to after the early New Kingdom.[3] According to the Late Period Teachings of Amenemope Iah is one of the avenging deities who will establish crimes against evil-doers.[5]
When someone acquires (something) by means of a false oath, he will be fettered by the manifested might of Iah.
The Teachings of Amenemope [5]


[1] Margaret R. Bunsen, Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, New York 2002, p.1
[2] Thesaurus Linguae Aegyptiae website: Altägyptisches Wörterbuch, Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften => Pyramidentexte => Pyramide Pepis I. => Vorkammer => Westwand => PT 481
[3] George Hart, The Routledge dictionary of Egyptian gods and goddesses, Routledge 2005, p.77
[4] M. L. Bierbrier, Historical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt, 2008, p. 98
[5] Thesaurus Linguae Aegyptiae website: Altägyptisches Wörterbuch, Sächsische Akademie der Wissenschaften => 3. Weisheitslehren => Neuägyptische Weisheitslehren => Die Lehre des Amenemope => 1. pBM EA 10474 => Die Lehre des Amenemope
[6] Donald A. MacKenzie, Egyptian Myth and Legend, BiblioBazaar, LLC, 2009, pp.27f.
[7] transliteration jaH
[8] maadit-boat: the solar bark, the Maat- (Archibald Henry Sayce, The religions of ancient Egypt and Babylonia: the Gifford lectures on the ancient Egyptian and Babylonian conception of the divine, delivered in Aberdeen, AMS Press, 1979, p.73)
 

 
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