ancient egypt: history and culture
Ancient Egyptian deities:
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    Hu, Hw, was the god of taste and the personification of the divine command, and Sia (Esye) was the god of wisdom. They were among creative forces of the sun-god, of which there were fourteen during the New Kingdom. They came into being from the drops of blood spilled when Re cut his phallus, which possibly means that he circumcised himself.
They are the drops of blood which came forth from the phallus of Ra when he went forth to perform his own mutilation. These drops of blood sprang into being under the forms of the gods Hu and Sa (Sia), who are in the bodyguard of Ra, and who accompany the god Tem (Atem) daily and every day
E. A. Wallis Budge The Papyrus of Ani
    The courtiers flattered Senusret I when he was building a temple of Atem:
Hu is [in] thy mouth, and Esye is behind thee
O sovereign, it is thy plan which is realized,
O king who shinest as favorite of the Two Goddesses
J. H. Breasted, Ancient Records of Egypt, Part One, § 504
During the Middle Kingdom Atem merged with Hu and Sia into the primordial god. Later Hu was identified with Shu, whom he replaced.
    Hu accompanied the sun-god on his barque, protecting him and his authority. He was generally depicted in human form, sometimes in the shape of Hapi, the Nile god. Sun barque

The sun barque, preceded by two goddesses Maat.
Gods in the barque from right to left: Upuaut, Sia, Hathor (as Mistress of the Ship), Re in his shrine, Horus, Thoth, Seth, Hu, a steersman.


© October 2005