ancient egypt: history and culture
Ancient Egyptian deities: Herwer, Horus the Elder
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also Harwer, Herur, Horus the Elder, Greek Haroeris
    Herwer was originally a sky-god, later he took on the role of Eye of Heaven, i.e. of the sun. [1] At times it is impossible or at least difficult to distinguish Herwer from other forms of Horus. In the Book of the Dead it is Herwer, the Elder Horus, who fights Seth for the supremacy over Geb's realm [2], while in the Contendings between Horus and Seth it is Harsiese, the son of Isis and Osiris, competing for his father's inheritance. But the two forms are virtually inseparable in the Osirian myth. [3]
    Like other Horus deities Herwer was a falcon god, depicted as a human with a falcon head, wearing the Egyptian crown. He was a war god and had cult centres in many places. At Apollinopolis Parva Ptolemy XI is depicted harpooning hippopotamuses symbolizing Seth, sacrificing gazelles at the altar of Horus the Elder and slaying enemies. [6] At Kom Ombo Herwer was venerated at least since the Late Period as son of Re [7] and part of the local triad together with Ta-senet-nofret, a manifestation of Hathor [4] or Tefnut [8] and Pa-neb-tawy, the Lord of the Two Lands from whom the pharaohs derived their legitimacy to rule. [5]

[1] Patrick Boylan (1922), Thoth Or the Hermes of Egypt, Kessinger 2003, p.32
[2] Boylan, op.cit., p.39
[3] Boylan, op.cit., p.43
[4] George Hart, The Routledge dictionary of Egyptian gods and goddesses, Routledge 2005, p.154
[5] George Hart, op.cit., p.125
[6] Kathryn A. Bard, Steven Blake Shubert, Encyclopedia of the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt, Routledge, 1999, p.658
[7] Manfred Lurker, Lexikon der Götter und Symbole der alten Ägypter, Scherz 1998, p.103
[8] Bard & Shubert, op. cit., p.419

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