ancient egypt: history and culture
Ancient Egyptian deities: Hemsut
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Hemsut

    Hemsut (MdC transliteration Hms.wt, pl. of Hms.t) were protective goddesses depicted as women cradling children, also at times referred to as fates.[3] They were the female counterparts of the kas.
Unas' kas are behind him.
His Hemsut are beneath his feet.
His gods are above him.
His uraei are on his brow.
Pyramid Texts 273-4, pyramid of Unas, Old Kingdom [2]
    In the Memphite mythology they represented together with the kas the vital forces in nature.[1] Ptah created them:
Indeed, all the divine order (lit. every word of the god) really came into being through what the heart thought and the tongue commanded. Thus the kas were made and the hemsut spirits were appointed, they who make all provisions and all nourishment, by his speech.
Karl W. Luckert, Egyptian Light and Hebrew Fire, SUNY Press, 1991, p.101
    At Sais they were the forces raised by Neith from the primeval waters.
Their symbols, like Neith's, were a shield and crossed arrows.


[1] Henri Frankfort, Samuel Noah Kramer, Kingship and the Gods, University of Chicago Press, 1978, p.74
[2] After the transliteration and German translation by D. Topmann ed., on the Thesaurus Linguae Aegyptiae website, Altägyptisches Wörterbuch, Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften => Pyramidentexte => Unas-Pyramide => Vorkammer => Ostgiebel => PT 273-4
[3] Manfred Lurker, Dictionary of Gods and Goddesses, Devils and Demons, Routledge, 1987, p.147
 

 
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