ancient egypt: history and culture
Ancient Egyptian deities: Hauron
Main menu Main Index and Search Page History List of Dynasties Cultural chronology Mythology Aspects of Life in Ancient Egypt Glossary of ancient Egyptian terms Herodotus on the pharaohs Ancient Egyptian texts Apologia and Bibliography

  For best results save the whole webpage (pictures included) onto your hard disk, open the page with Word 97 or higher, edit if necessary and print.
  Printing using the browser's print function is not recommended.



also Hurun, Horon
    Hauron Originally a desert deity from Lebanon, a form of Baal identified with the Assyrian war-god Ninurta,[6] Hauron, to the Egyptians Hwr or the like (transliteration Hwr, Hwrn, Hwrwn), was adopted by them as a protective god during the New Kingdom. At Pi-Ramesse, one of the god's cult centres, a statue was found of the falcon-headed god protecting the child Ramses II.[1] He was identified with the Great Sphinx at Giza and worshipped as the sun god [2] Horemakhet-Hauron (or Hauron-Harmachis etc).

Hauron on the Stela of Tutuia[7]
His name appears as Hwr at the top of the left-hand column.

    Amenhotep II built a small chapel in his honour.[3], as did Seti I, dedicated as a place of worship for the common people:
...He has made as his monument for his father Hauron, Horus in the Horizon - the making for him [of /////] advanced as a place of [/////] a place of prayer for the common folk... [4]
A temple at Memphis is also documented.
    Hauron was depicted as a sphinx or a falcon, at times with a double crown and as Hauron-Atem he was also identified with this creator god. He was referred to as the brave herdsman and as the one who chases the beasts of prey from the pasturage.[5]

Other Middle Eastern deities worshipped in Egypt:
Astarte, Ishtar

[1] Bard & Shubert 1999, p.757
[2] Pinch 2004, p.206
[3] Shaw 2003, p.87
[4] Davies 1997, p.275
[5] Leitz 2002, p.108
[6] Albright 1968, p.138
[7] excerpt from image in Zivie-Coche, Christiane, 2011, "Foreign Deities in Egypt" in Jacco Dieleman, Willeke Wendrich (eds.), UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology, Los Angeles.,
William Foxwell Albright, Yahweh and the gods of Canaan: a historical analysis of two contrasting faiths, Eisenbrauns, 1968
Kathryn A. Bard, Steven Blake Shubert, Encyclopedia of the archaeology of ancient Egypt,Routledge, 1999
Benedict G. Davies, "Egyptian historical inscriptions of the nineteenth dynasty" in Volume 2 of Documenta Mundi, Aegyptiaca , No 2, Paul Aströms förlag, 1997
Christian Leitz (ed.), Lexikon der ägyptischen Götter und Götterbezeichnungen, Volume 5, Orientalia Lovaniensia analecta ; 110-116, 129, Peeters Publishers, 2002
Geraldine Pinch, Egyptian Mythology: A Guide to the Gods, Goddesses, and Traditions of Ancient Egypt, Oxford University Press US, 2004
Ian Shaw, The Oxford history of ancient Egypt.Oxford University Press, 2003

© October 2009
CSE xhtml validated