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Ash

    Ash, a God of the western desert, was a Libyan hawk deity, also depicted as a human with a hawk's head or with the head of a Seth animal. First records date to the second dynasty. In the temple of Sahure at Abusir he was depicted in human form as Lord of Libya where he also ruled the oases and the caravan routes. He promised king Sahure:
I will bring you every good thing that is in this land
 
and
 
I give you all the foreign lands to the west and to the east, all the Iunti (Nubian nomads) and the Mentiu (Asiatic nomads) that exist in every land.
Sergio Donadoni, edt, The Egyptians, p.228
    Ash was also called the one from Nebut (Ombos) where he seems to have preceeded Seth as god of the city. In historical times Ash was completely identified with Seth, another desert god. In the Book of the Dead he is described as the violent one:

Seth animal Ash/Seth holding a was-sceptre and an ankh, seal of Peribsen, second dynasty
After E. Hornung, Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt: The One and the Many, p.109

Spell in order to open beside Thoth, to speak by the Osiris NN, justified:
I am the lord of the terror in the storm, protected by Wereret (the great crown of Upper Egypt) in the battle. I strike the violent Ash and refresh Ash. I have prepared a place for Weret (the Uraeus) in the battle.I have hardened the knife with the knife which is in Khepri's hand in the storm.
pTurin Museo Egizio 1791, Tb 095
After a transliteration and German translation on the Thesaurus Linguae Aegyptiae website
    He was also a god of bounty and brought gifts of cattle and oil (in the Pyramid Texts it is referred to as Best Libyan oil) to Egypt and was associated with the vinyards of the western Delta.


E. Hornung, Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt: The One and the Many
George Hart, The Routledge Dictionary Of Egyptian Gods And Goddesses, p.33
Morris Silver, Taking Ancient Mythology Economically
 

 
© November 2006

 

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