ancient egypt: history and culture
Ancient Egyptian deities: Anhuret (Onuris)

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    Greek Onuris, Egyptian jni-Ht.t,[1] god of the Upper Egyptian city Thinis and since the first millennium of Sebennytos in the Delta, hunter god, bearer of the skies, is known since the third millennium, but nothing is known about his functions at that time. He became identified with Shu (Onuris-Shu) in the New Kingdom,
I made an august [house] of stone of Ayan in the house of my father, Onuris-Shu, son of Re (called) "The House of Ramses-Ruler-of-Heliopolis-L.P.H.-the -Judge-in-the-House-of-Onuris.
Harris papyrus [2]
    but until Ptolemaic times he remained obscure, a time when he also merged with Horus as Onuris-Horus.[3] In Nubia he was assimilated into the god Arensnuphis.[4] Onuris was Lord of Slaughter who defeats the enemies of the sun god, catching them with a rope. According to the myth he returned the Eye of Re to Egypt in the shape of the lion goddess Mehit whom he hunted down in the deserts of Nubia, tamed and made his consort. This myth serves as an explanation for the god's name, which means He-who-Brings-back-the-Far-One. Anhuret
    Some of his epithets were He, strong of Arm, He with the tall Werert-crown, the Eldest of the initial primeval times, Repeller of the Enemies, Fender-off of the agressive one.[3] Onuris was a violent, short tempered god. When Re refused to give Horus his inheritance preferring Seth instead, Onuris did not hide his anger:
Then the Universal Lord (i.e. Re) became furious at Horus and told him: "You are despicable in your person, and this office is too much for you, you lad, the flavour of whose mouth is (still) bad."
Onuris became furious to the nth degree and so did the entire Ennead constituting the Council of the Thirty, l.p.h. Bebon, the god, got right up and told Pre-Harakhti: "Your shrine is vacant.
    Onuris was depicted in human form wearing a crown with four feathers–a headdress specific to him–and often a wig on his head, frequently holding a spear in his hand. Instead of four individual feathers he at times sports two double plumes. Sometimes a uraeus and/or a sundisk are added. He wears a long robe and over it a short kilt. He may wear a corselet, an usekh-collar or a pectoral. At times he has a was-scepter in one hand and an ankh in the other. The precise role of the cord he sometimes holds in his hand is unclear. It may have been used as a lasso or served to tie up prey.[4]
[1] MdC transliteration jni-Hr.t, Wb vol. 1, 91.11
[2] J. H. Breasted, Ancient Records of Egypt, Chicago 1906, Part Four, § 355
[3] Rituals of the Great Seat, performed during the Feast of the Earth. After a transliteration and German translation on the Thesaurus Linguae Aegyptiae web site: F. Feder (ed.) Altägyptisches Wörterbuch, Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften => späte Ritualbücher => Tempelbibliotheke => Bibliothek eines Tempels im Delta (Heliopolis?) => pBrooklyn 47.218.50 ("Confirmation du pouvoir royal au nouvel an") => 1. Ritual(handlungen) des 'Großen Sitzes', die während der Feste der Erde vollzogen werden. accessed June 2010
[4] Maria Carmela Betro, Onuris, accessed at on 2nd June 2010

© October 2005
Updates: June 2010


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