Ancient Egypt: Its History and Culture
Ancient Egyptian deities: Anedjti
    Iconography
    Divine relationships and syncretisms
    Cult

Main menu Main Index and Search Page History List of Dynasties Cultural chronology Mythology Aspects of Life in Ancient Egypt Glossary of ancient Egyptian terms Herodotus on the pharaohs Ancient Egyptian texts Apologia and Bibliography

Printout
  For best results save the whole webpage (pictures included) onto your hard disk, open the page with Word 97 or higher, edit if necessary and print.
  Printing using the browser's print function is not recommended.

 

Ancient Egyptian gods: Anedjti

also Andjeti, Andjety, Anezti, Anzeti etc

    Anedjti, Egyptian anD.tj,[1] was an ancient herder god, the main god of the 9th nome of Lower Egypt. According to the Pyramid Texts, he was at the head of the eastern nomes just as Anubis was foremost of the Westerners.
Your lotusbud sceptre is at the head of the living, your staff is at the head of the glorified spirits, like Anubis who is at the head of the Westerners, like Anedjti who is at the head of the eastern nomes.
Pyramid Texts spell 220 [2]
anD.tj
 
The hieroglyph of the 9th nome of Lower Egypt: Anedjti with his crook and a feather crown.
    Anedjti wore a chieftain's feathers on his head and is thought by some to have been a deified king, who had ruled at Busiris, the capital of the Anedjti nome in the eastern Delta.[3] His name is derived from the name of his capital and means literally "Anedjtian" (He of Anedjt.) According to the legend he drained the swamps of the Delta, made them arable, and, after his death, caused the vegetation to renew every year.[13] The fertility aspects of Anedjti's nature are also reflected by his epithet of Bull of Vultures, him apparently having been the consort of several goddesses [3] Later, when Osiris merged with Anedjti, Busiris came to be called Djedu. Osiris of Djedu was a god of birth and rebirth, of fertility like Anedjti whom he assimilated [12] and he took on the ancient god's insignia, the flail and the shepherd's crook,[4] which, early on, was well established as a symbol of worldly rule:
May you give the shepherd's crook into the hand of this Unas, that the head of Lower und Upper Egypt may be bowed.
Unas Pyramid, PT 222 [5]

Iconography

anD.tj crown
 
The Anedjti crown.
    Anedjti was depicted as a man, wielding a crook and a flail. Since the 4th dynasty he wore a two-feathered crown. All these attributes were, with slight alterations, taken over by Osiris.[3] The crown consisted of a small sun disk in front of two ostrich feathers, flanked by two uraei wearing sun disks. The whole was mounted on a pair of ram horns and sat on a tight fitting cap.[6]

Divine relationships and syncretisms

    Much of the time Anedjti was identified with Osiris, who inherited his attributes from him. Osiris also appears to have adopted his role as king of the earth from the myth of Anedjti's origin as an earthly ruler,[7] At first Anedjti retained at least some independence from the more popular god, but from the New Kingdom onwards little was left of that. As Osiris-Anedjti he receives offerings of incense in a relief in the funerary temple of Seti I.[3] and in the Isis temple at Behbeit el Hagara the chapels were devoted to the rebirth of Osiris-Andjety and the transformation of the young child into a falcon.[8] Osiris is occasionally shown wearing the Anedjti crown, as are pharaohs; other gods wear it more rarely, e.g. Horus on an ancient Syrian seal,[9] and Hor-pa-khered just once in a little bronze from Athribis.[6] The Leyden Papyrus mentions Re-Anedjti:[10]
Your body is purified in Re-Anedjti, your flesh is purified in the vessel of Heket.

Cult

    As the merging of Anedjti and Osiris took place in earliest historical times little is known about his cult, apart from the cult centre which was at Busiris. The Pyramid Texts suggest that his worship were widespread in the Delta,[3] and celebrated the god's agricultural fertility aspects.[11]
Footnotes:
[1] MdC transliteration anD.tj, Wb vol. 1, 207.12
[2] After a transliteration and German translation on the Thesaurus Linguae Aegyptiae web site: Altägyptisches Wörterbuch, Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, D. Topmann (ed.) => Pyramidentexte => Unas-Pyramide => Sargkammer => Ostwand => PT 220
[3] Wilkinson 2003, pp.97f.
[4] MdC transliteration aw.t Wb 1, 170.6
[5] After a transliteration and German translation on the Thesaurus Linguae Aegyptiae web site: Altägyptisches Wörterbuch, Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, D. Topmann (ed.) => Pyramidentexte => Unas-Pyramide => Sargkammer => Ostwand => PT 224
[6] Sandri 2006, pp.117f.
[7] Shaw & Nicholson 1995, pp.213f.
[8] Bard & Shubert 1999 p.192
[9] Eder 1995, p.85)
[10] After Schwarz 2007, p.183
[11] Bunson 1991, p.289
[12] British School of Archaeology in Egypt and Egyptian Research Account, Publications, Volume 9, 1904, p.16
[13] Ernst Uehli, Kultur und Kunst Ägyptens: ein Isisgeheimnis, Philosophisch-Anthroposophischer Verlag, 1975, p.175
 
Bibliography:
Bard & Shubert 1999
Bunson 1991
Christian Eder, Die ägyptischen Motive in der Glyptik des östlichen Mittelmeerraumes zu Anfang des 2 Jts. v. Chr, Peeters Publishers, 1995
Sandra Sandri, Har-pa-chered (Harpokrates): die Genese eines ägyptischen Götterkindes, Peeters Publishers, 2006
Fernando Schwarz, Egipto Invisible, Editorial Kier, 2007
Shaw & Nicholson 1995
Richard H. Wilkinson, The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson 2003
 

 

CSE xhtml validated
-