Ancient Egypt: The Canaan Campaigns of Pepi I
The Campaigns of Pepi I in Canaan
A single inscription is the only document of the five campaigns Weni the Elder led under Pepi I (ca.2313-2279 BCE)
in Canaan, the Land of the Sand Dwellers as the Egyptians called the regions east of Egypt.
One of these campaigns is
described in detail, how the Egyptians attacked both by land and sea. The seaborne
forces landed beyond a mountain range, "Nose of the Antelope's Head" (probably the Carmel
mountain) and conquered
the Akko region and the northern Yizre'el Valley, where they devastated the countryside.
This army returned in peace, [after] it had destroyed the land of the Sand Dwellers.
This army returned in peace, [after] it had flattened the land of the Sand Dwellers.
This army returned in peace, [after] it had torn down its forts.
This army returned in peace, [after] it had cut down its figs and its vines.
This army returned in peace, [after] it threw fire amongst all its [troops]
This army returned in peace, [after] it killed its troops there in many ten thousands.
This army returned in peace, ... , [after] it brought from its troops there a great many prisoners of war.
His majesty sent me to lead this army 5 times
to subdue the land of the Sand Dwellers, every time they rebelled, with these troops.
I acted so that his majesty praised me for it.
Told that there were rebels amongst these foreigners at the 'Nose-of-the-Gazelle's-head'
I crossed in ships, together with these troops.
I put to land at the back of the height of the mountain range to the north of the land of the Sand-Dwellers,
while (the other) half of this army were travelling by land.
I turned back, I obstructed all of them and slew every rebel amongst them.
From the autobiography of Weni the Elder
Translated by Jenny Carrington and Mark Vygus.