Ancient Egypt: Upper middle class housing - the house of Djehutinefer
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The House of Djehutinefer
Djehutinefer was a royal scribe and treasurer under Amenhotep II. He lived and was buried at Thebes, where
drawings of his townhouse were found. According to the depiction of its outside it was narrow and tall with a wide entrance.
The walls were painted blue.
Djehutinefer's house seems to have been three storeys high - Egyptians sometimes drew horizontal as vertical space (things spatially side by side were depicted as being one above the other, cf. the two servants occupied with bread-making - bottom right). It was very spacious compared to the houses of common people.
Not every one had as grandiose a habitation as Djehutinefer or even his own living space neatly separated from that of his neighbour. Ownership of land and rights of access in towns were often shared among a number of people and were sometimes unclear, leading to tensions among neighbours. The drawing up of an owner's rights could prevent future court cases.
You may go up (to) and down (from) the roof on the stairway of this aforesaid house and you may go in and out (of the front hallway by means of the) main doorway of said house and its house path which goes from the south to the street and (you) may make any alteration on it (with your workmen) and your materials in proportion to your aforesaid one-eighteenth share from today onward forever."(see also Residential areas)
Source: T. G. H. James: Pharaohs Volk, Artemis 1988, pp.237 ff (Original title: Pharaoh's People, London 1984
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|Limestone model of a town house , British Museum|
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